148. The Fall of the Mighty Leviathan Monster (Isaiah 27:1)

  1. In that day, the LORD will punish with his sword, his well-tempered, fierce, great and powerful sword, Leviathan the fleeing, gliding serpent, Leviathan the winding, coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea. (Isaiah 27:1)



Definitely NOT a random image of Leviathan. Read Job 41.

Talking about God’s displeasure is not common at all these days. I have actually seen some people in some churches shake their heads whenever the subject of final judgement is brought up. How sad is that! Some  people see God as a nice, jolly, “Father Christmas” type figure, and read only the scriptures about the, “nice,” “soft” and loving Father in Heaven, and in so doing ignore and/or write off huge swathes of scripture. “God is Love,” they say, as if there is no room for any other attribute in the infinite character of the Almighty.


Ah well! I might lose some of my thousand a week readers here, but something has to be said.


I agree one thousand per cent that “God is love.” It’s a biblical and apostolic statement. No problem! But I tell you what else: God dislikes some things about peoples’ attitudes and lifestyles.  In fact, the God-breathed scripture tells us that, actually, He hates some actions and motives. And, to tell it as it really is – hold on to your seat belts – God truly gets angry with some repetitive evil and damaging activities on the planet that He says are actually an “abomination.”


There! I’ve said it!


The scary old-fashioned phrase concerning these abominable things are those activities and mind-sets that bring hate, death and curses among man-kind. Evil is a diversion from God’s purposes. God’s response to these “abominations” are revealed by certain turns of phrase in the Hebrew and the Greek (Ah! Yes! It’s in the New Testament too!). The old King James translation refers to it as, “The wrath of God.” If we don’t have a shiver down our back bone when we read this phrase, I promise you, we don’t understand the truth, or the concept, or the weight of what we are discussing. This is not just a few lines from a “Systematic Theology” book, or just another tenet to our list of beliefs, this is an insight into God’s love and character that should facilitate us to see His love through clearer eyes.


Contemporary widespread revelation concerning the love and grace of God and the believer’s identity in Christ has made discussion concerning God’s anger almost a non-entity – a subject that seems to negate other stuff that is commonly taught in the church today. There is no truth that negates any other truth. God’s anger and God’s love are two facts concerning the one divine character of Yahweh – Father, Son and Holy Spirit. These thoughts concerning judgement, or even eternal damnation, seem to have paled into insignificance in recent times. It is generally perceived as a most “inconvenient” teaching of the scripture, reduced by many as a metaphorical symbolic series of statements that have nothing but allegorical significance. Ah! If only!


The emphasis on grace, acceptance through Christ, and the believer’s authority in Him has even driven some to the extreme nonsense of what is known as “Universalism.” “God’s acceptance is so total and full in Christ,” these people shout, “How is it then conceivable that God could condemn anybody – especially those without faith – into hell?”


How insipid and unbiblical can a Bible reading believer get? It is this writer’s conviction that Universalism has raised its ugly head again in our generation simply because of a neglect of the Old Testament and a general lack of reading the whole arc of biblical truth in the complete canon of scripture. A straight forward, logical study through any bible concordance will clearly demonstrate that there are many more references in Scripture to the anger, fury, wrath and judgement of God, than there are to His love and tenderness. And this is NOT just because the Old Testament is more voluminous than the New. Jesus talked of the wrath of God in John 3:36. Paul talked of the wrath of God (Romans 1:18. Romans 2:6-11. 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 for a simple starter). John, the “Apostle of love,” wrote the book of Revelation concerning the judgement of all judgements, the eternal fire and loss of the unsaved.



Nothing contrary here to God’s own description of Leviathan in Job 41.

So many Christians seem to withdraw into an apologetic type tone when the subject of God’s anger and judgement is raised. It is as if they wish it wasn’t there in the book. I have talked to some who seemed to me to be Christian believers yet consider it a blot on God’s character for Him to be angry – or even blasphemous for me to have said so. It would seem that they consider God’s wrath to be a huge wart on the face of Almighty Yahweh. I can only discern it as a fact that some cannot imagine being wrathful without being out of control, and therefore deny that God could have such an emotion. They ignore the fact that the New Testament exhorts us to be like Christ Himself when it says, “Be angry and sin not.”  Jesus was angry when he upturned the business tables in the Temple. And – have you ever read Matthew 23? There is no way that, “Gentle Jesus Meek and mild,” could talk lovingly and kindly what is written in that chapter. The seven “woes” that Christ Himself uttered over the Pharisees were flaming swords of terrifying divine judgement.


I have even discussed the issue of God’s wrath with some Christians who have told me that they feel unworthy and incapable of negotiating even the concept of God’s anger in their minds. God does not conceal the facts – and whatever is revealed to is in scripture needs confronting and acceptance. The entire canon of scripture requires our application.


So! What does the Bible actually say?  We cannot but make the obvious observation that Yahweh is not at all ashamed to make it known that, “Vengeance and fury belong to Him.” See Romans 12:19. He is blatantly unashamed to declare in the book, “See now that I myself am he! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand. I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear: As surely as I live forever, when I sharpen my flashing sword and my hand grasps it in judgment, I will take vengeance on my adversaries and repay those who hate me.” (Deuteronomy 32:39-41). Wow! Who says that God should speak to us more directly. Is it possible to be more direct that that? Allegory? Metaphor? Poetry with mystical meanings? I think not. This is God Himself speaking plainly.


Because God is pure, clean and spotless, He hates all sin because it detracts from man’s purpose and destiny. Because He hates all sin, His pleasure and purpose is to save completely those who believe and pursue Christ, and judge the severity of sin that is not dealt with by the unbeliever (Psalm 7:11).  We need to get a firm grasp of the biblical idea that God’s anger is indeed as much a divine perfection as is His faithfulness, power, mercy and love. It cannot be anything else. “In Him there is neither variableness nor shadow of turning.” There would be a character defect in God Himself if “wrath” were absent from His being! His response to sin must be as pure and holy as His love towards people. Indifference to sin is a moral blemish. It is part of man’s sin to be as indifferent against God’s take on our existence.


I think it was Spurgeon in one of his sermons that cried, “How could He who is the Sum of all that is excellent look with equal satisfaction upon virtue and vice, wisdom and folly? How could He who is infinitely holy disregard sin and refuse to manifest His “severity” (Rom 11:22) toward it?”


There cannot possibly be any perfection of attribute and characteristic within God’s Person that is less perfect than another. As Pink succinctly says, “The wrath of God is His eternal detestation of all unrighteousness.” God’s wrath against sin is the unending righteous motivation of His judgement against wilfully lost mankind. Sin is a wilful living of life in a manner that is contrary to the desire and plan of God for mankind – whether it be external actions or inner thought and motivation. One psalmist sai, “If I cherish sin in my heart, God will not hear me.”  If that one liner doesn’t shake us concerning our worldview and lifestyle, there are some claims of our Christianity that must be rendered questionable.


“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven” (Romans 1:18). This statement proves that it is part of the gospel message.  Again, the revealing of God’s wrath is something He does not hide from. Psalm 95:11 says: “Unto whom I swore in My wrath.”


The bold and radical statement of Isaiah 27:1 (our verse for today) needs to be seen in the light of all we have said above.


is2701dIsaiah 27 is the conclusion of a complete section that starts at Isaiah 24:1. It is a section that encapsulates the entire metanarrative of the consummation of earth’s history as declared by Isaiah and other prophets. It comprises the horrors of the last judgement, and the divine wrath as demonstrated in this world and in the time line of this life, that is – as far as judgement can go in this existence. The divine judgement will not be complete until the Christians stand before the judgement seat of Christ, and the unsaved  of all generations stand before the Great White Throne. And then Isaiah predicts the power and the glory of the Messianic millennial reign, formulating a graphic word picture of our planet that we simply have never yet seen. Here we are talking of Isaiah’s breath-taking vision of the earthly reign of Yahweh, consolidated by John’s vision in the book of Revelation. The curse will be removed off animals and the physical world in general, as well as much of the invisible world becoming visible. For the resurrected, the mortal putting on immortality begins here in earnest.


Two forces have been, are, and will be until the end of time, running contra to each other concurrently. The devil working against God; the people of God conflicting with the devil and the kingdom of darkness; and the war between all things of divine origin and purpose and all things demonic. As much as many people would relish the thought of a middle section that is referring to those who are neither Godly, nor anti-God, the bible clearly affirms that there is no such class of humanity. Every single person who has ever lived is in one of two criteria: Saved or unsaved. In the light or in darkness. In Christ or lost eternally.There is no third category.


First of all there was the universal judgement described in the horror filled text of Isaiah 24. Then followed a joyful song of laudation for that judgement in chapter 25. There then follows a Hymn praising God for His infinite farsightedness and the works He had performed on behalf of the righteous in response to their faith. Now – here in chapter 27, we have a look at both sides of the scenario. After the overthrow of the worldly powers, Isaiah explains how Zion, amazingly referring to both the physical city of Zion as well as the heavenly simultaneously, the temporal as well as the eternal, are blessed with the physical presence of Christ. It is a revelation of a truth that needs pondering, praying over and meditating on. Oh! Isaiah! Isaiah! I cry out to God to see as you saw, to know as you knew, to perceive exactly what you grasped.


My own take on this seminal verse of scripture is expressed in my own paraphrase, as in:


In that coming day, far in the future, in the days of the earthly reign of Messiah, Yahweh will punish the foul unclean demonic ruling spirit of the power of the air that dominates and rules the controlling nations and empires of this present world, with His sword.  His well-tempered, fierce, great and powerful sword will castigate and destroy (a) Leviathan the fleeing, gliding serpent of Assyria, (b)Leviathan the winding, coiling serpent of Babylon, and He will also slay (c) Egypt, the same dragon monster of the sea.


Yes indeed! Judgement, violent and absolutely final, for Leviathan. Leviathan? Who is this? Where does he – or it- come into the picture?


This single first verse talks of the divine judgement and destruction of a nasty sounding creature referred to as “Leviathan.” He is referred to as in three different manifestations or areas. “Leviathan!” What a juicy and expressive title. “Leviathan” is a term interpreted by some as a species of sea creature or river monster, as, for instance, the whale. What utter nonsense! In Psalm 104:26, the NIV has it as, “There the ships go to and fro, and Leviathan, which you formed to frolic there.”  The NET Bible however translates the same Hebrew text as, “The ships travel there, and over here swims the whale you made to play in it” (Bold italics are mine of course). Fascinatingly interesting? No! Fascinatingly ignorant more like.  Does it have any value or credibility in proper translational principles? No comment! The Douay Rheims version goes further, rendering the same statement as, “There the ships shall go. This sea dragon which thou hast formed to play therein.” Where the “whale” and “sea-dragon” comes from all depends on how one researches the word. But neither the NET nor the Douay Rheims version is consistent at all. I say that because the word is repeated a couple of times more in the Old Testament. This writer has failed to find any other translation that ventures to interpret Leviathan as a creature that we know of. The NET bible, having translated it as a “whale” in the Psalm 104, leaves the word well enough alone in Job and simply refers it to an anglicized transliteration of “Leviathan.” Douay-Rheims does the same. Why can’t these translators be consistent?


My own logic and biblical reading rubbishes any thought of a whale as the phrases that immediately following in Isaiah 27:1 refer to a coiling and gliding serpent. So, how could a “whale” even enter into the discussion?



Daniel also received divinely given visions and insights into his contemporary and future empires, seeing them as aberrations of beasts and monster like animals.


In the NLT Job 3:8 says, “Let those who are experts at cursing–whose cursing could rouse Leviathan–curse that day.” And by the logistics of that verse, the whale doesn’t fit the definition of Leviathan at all. Men cursing and rousing whales has never been a choice of mankind.  How on earth can a whale be roused? Leviathan is also mentioned in Psalm 74:14. In the NIV this verse reads as, “It was you who crushed the heads of Leviathan and gave it as food to the creatures of the desert.” How could it be that a whale, with a plurality of “heads,” (true to the Hebrew text) feed the creatures of the desert, and not those of the sea? One also wonders whether the dragons, as mentioned in Psalm 74:13, are equivalent to the Leviathan of verse 14.


Why do I sound so cocksure and confident about this “Leviathan” creature? Simply because I have read Job 41. Although it seems to have been ignored by a lot of translators, it clearly describes what Leviathan is. Read it for yourself and see.


It is this writers opinion that Leviathan was a truly incredibly sized, and awesomely built fire breathing dragon of Job’s day, that spoke fear into all who ever encountered it. Allow me to verify my thoughts. I shall refer to Leviathan as a “he:


  • Remember Job is commonly believed to have been written in a time before the flood, explained in the story of Noah, took place, in the early chapters of Genesis. From Job 41 we learn that Leviathan was as follows:


  • The language of verse one suggests that he spent some of his time in the sea, and that people have attempted to catch him there. Tying down his tongue was perceived as a helpful strategy for safety, but was impossible to effect. (Job 41:1)
  • Leviathan had a nose by which he could be conceived as being caught with a cord through its nostrils. It also has a jaw that could be imagined as being hooked in order to catch (41:2). The question, put by God Himself seems rhetorical. The sense and meaning of the questions seems to be constantly asking Job if he could do things that were absolutely humanly impossible, but were, obvious to Job, a simple matter for Yahweh to govern. As if God was saying something like, “Can you stoke the fires that comprise the sun?”
  • Job 41: 3 – 6 seem deeply sarcastic in its six questions. One cannot but see that God Himself – for it is God who is speaking in this description of Leviathan – sees it as inconceivable that any man, or group of men could render Leviathan vulnerable or submissive. Leviathan would never ever be in need of mercy (3a). The concept of any human being enslaving Leviathan is ridiculous (4). The thought of giving an enslaved Leviathan (if it were at all possible to catch him) as a pet to one’s daughters was laughable (5a).
  • There was obviously some sort of impenetrable skin that Leviathan was clothed with, especially around his head. Harpoons and fishing spears are mentioned, hinting that he lived in the sea (41:7).
  • His incredible strength and hardiness is obliquely stated in 41:8 when God says, “If you lay a hand on it, you will remember the struggle and never do it again!”
  • God says that it is impossible for anybody to subdue Leviathan and that one would be overpowered at the very sight of him (41:9).
  • The Almighty then states that this breath-taking creature was virtually so large, so strong, so wild and so impenetrable as to any physical weakness that there was nobody and nothing on earth that could in any way rouse his anger. (41:10a). The point that God’s logic was making was that this huge sentient being, this monster named Leviathan was the most awesomely wild and hugely powerful beast of the whole of creation, so huge and fearsome that nothing physical in the cosmos could match him or even arouse his anger, apart from the fact that Leviathan was meekly and weakly submissive to God Himself. Thus, the last phrase of 41:10, “Who then is able to stand against me?” and the whole context of verse 11.
  • 2701f

    Leviathan also had these shield like plates on his back.

    God refers to Leviathan’s grace of movement and strength of limb (41:12) and the fact that it not only has a tough impenetrable covering of skin, but a second coat of armour (41:13) – namely a layer of scales shaped as military shields (41:15). Or is God referring to a spinal line of defensive plates as suggested by paleontological opinion of the Stegosaurus (41:15). The point being, as far as my readers and I are concerned, that this Leviathan was like nothing that is alive on the planet in this day and age, and frighteningly unique in Job’s day.

There were probably no specimens of Leviathan alive in Isaiah’s day.

  • The fearsomeness of Leviathan is enlarged even further as God asks – again, rhetorically – of Job, concerning attempts to prize Leviathan’s mouth open with greatfear of the mouth that was ringed with sharp and dangerous looking sets of teeth (41:14), the bad rationale that would cause anybody to attempt close up contact with the beast.
  • There is no aspect of physical weakness in Leviathan (41:15-16). His scales are jagged and provide foolproof protection both above and beneath him (41:30). Those scales are air tight and water tight, closed so tightly that nothing known to man could penetrate between them.
  • Then we have the revelations of verses 18 -21. Leviathan breaths out flashes of light when he snorts. What is that light? It is flames of fire pouring from his mouth. There are sparks, flames and smoke that all come shooting out. Leviathan’s breath sets coals ablaze. It’s all there in black and white.
  • Leviathan’s neck is particularized as a major centre of his strength. It suggest to me that his neck was either incredibly long, or remarkably sturdy. In stating that dismay goes before him, my inner eye sees a greatly prolonged neck that is long enough for the head to confront people long before his feet are seen.(Job 41:22).
  • His skin and scales are such that even where the skin folds they are immovable for air and water (41:23).
  • The verses in the latter 10-11 verses of Job 41, complete the picture f Leviathan’s strength and appearance. He had a check as hard as a lower millstone (v24). He has a tail that he thrashes when he rises, and is terrifying to man (v25). Those that have ever got near enough to Leviathan to strike him with sword, spear, poisoned dart and/or javelin, have discovered that all three weapons have absolutely no impact or effect on him (v26). When he is struck with iron, whether it be by sword or girder, it bends as it strikes Leviathan, as if he is unaware that he has been struck, and wooden beams also split and crack and break up like rotten wood (41:27).  Arrows don’t move him, and sling shots are like dust in the wind (v28). Being struck with a machete club Leviathan considers as a piece of straw. War cries and the rattling of multifarious battle lances humour him (v29). One cannot attack him from beneath without the fear of death for being beneath him. His undersides are like jagged pottery that drag on the floor like a threshing sledge. (v30). He leaves snail like slime behind him and by the heat of the fire within him when he steps into the sea or deep water it starts steam arising as if from a boiling kettle or cauldron that leaves a glistening silver wake behind him (v 31-32). He leaves strands of matter behind him that makes people think the water has white hair.


i2701-cIt is, therefore, no wonder at all that God says to Job, “Nothing on earth is its equal – a creature without fear.  It looks down on all that are haughty; it is king over all that are proud” (Job 41:33-34). We have the quote from Psalm 74 to add, which refers to Leviathan’s “heads,” and then the description of Isaiah 27:1 and we have a picture.


We conclude that whatever Leviathan is (or was) – it was clearly a monster like, dragon like, multi headed giant creature which moved by “gliding” and “coiling.” It is portrayed by the combination of its usages in the Old Testament as a huge, frightening creature that was to be greatly respected and kept clear of. I am persuaded that it is the safest route to simply anglicize the Hebrew word and leave it as “Leviathan.” It is clearly an “aka” of the devil, and/or the powers of hell in general, as far as Isaiah was concerned. I am saying that Leviathan (twice) and the dragon of the sea, in Isaiah 27:1, are the same creature. And the creature Leviathan is likened to the power that ruled over Assyria, Babylon and  Egypt, in the same manner Daniel talked of beasts and bears  when referring to the rose of Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome.


So! What does all this verbosity mean in the context of Isaiah 27:1, where commentators are split whether it is the last thought of the context of Isaiah 26, or the opening statement of the thoughts contained in chapter 27? Nobody, it seems, wants to suggest that Isaiah 26 and 27 should actually be one whole chapter – which is my opinion. For me, this first verse of 27 stands alone as both the conclusion of chapter 26 and the hinge to the contents of chapter 27.


Meditating over Isaiah’s use of “Leviathan,” when referred to as the “gliding serpent,” it seems to me to point towards Assyria on the Tigris River. The phrase “the coiling serpent,” suggest to me Babylon on the Euphrates. The word translated as “dragon” or “monster” of the sea is the same Hebrew word that Ezekiel used in a later generation when referring to Egypt, as in Ezekiel 29:3, and 32:2. These three nations were the chief enemies of Israel in Isaiah’s day, and together they are representative of all the enemies who are against God and His people.


Isaiah saw a day coming when God would punish the megalomaniac power of Assyria, Babylon and Egypt “with His sword.” The destruction of these powers will be total, complete and absolute never to rise again on this earth in the manner in which they did in the time Isaiah lived. The repetition of the creature, three times, emphasizes the supernatural character of the punishment. Their chastisement is a foretaste of the complete punishment to come on all ungodly nations during the Great Tribulation at the end of this age.


I believe Leviathan to have been a true fire breathing creature of Job’s day, and that his usage in Isaiah 27:1 is a parable from a factual creature, of how the spirit world ran the three empires of which the whole of the middle eastern world was terrified, and set for judgement.


147. If Prophecy is a series of Concepts Divinely Revealed to man by the Holy Spirit – How on earth dare we limit its Perspective and Viewpoint and Source?

Isaiah 26:12–26:21

I2612.000000000000000000I am still in the process of learning that by reading and reading the Bible, my mind becomes more and more released from what Professors and Doctors of Divinity say, and am led into new trails of thought, hearing more and more of my own thoughts, from deep prayer and meditation, speaking for themselves. Let me make it clear that I do not mean that I have stopped reading other books. Neither do I in any way mean that my thoughts are therefore automatically superior to any thoughts of academics or professorial types in the world of Bible teachers. Not at all – and never! Also, I do not in any way mean to discredit the professors and Doctors who have spent their lives studying the academic issues raised by the scrolls and manuscripts of the Bible. We need academics to do the work of apologists among the sceptics in particular. And, I think I need to add yet another rider that states categorically that my comment above does not mean that I do not check out my thoughts and insights with others. The “called out ones” of the church (Every believing Christian is a “called out” one. The Greek word for church – Ecclesia means exactly that, i.e. “Called out”) need to inter-act and exchange views constantly in order to guide each-others character and growth. I promise all my readers that I am neither a “Lone Ranger” of a Christian, nor some half-baked novice trying to strain at a philosophical gnat while swallowing a doctrinal camel. All I mean to say is that by years of reading, I have discovered what I consider flaws in the, so called, biblical doctrinal dusty corners of some of the long held “teachings and accepted traditions.”


No historical literary volume has as many ancient copies as the Jewish Bible and the New Testament scrolls, whether they be full books or fragments. These many thousands of documents and fragments (yes! I said “many thousands” that is not a typo) have always been open to scrutiny by believers and skeptics alike. It’s ease of access and its validation and verification after microscopic research of its textual, documentative and consistent content is both loved and hated by many, depending on which side of the line of faith they stand. To abuse the bard’s classic line: To believe? Or not to believe? That is the question.”


My own approach to scripture over the last forty plus years has been just to read the Bible over and over again. It is my lover and my most intimate friend. To read it fast; and then to read it slow. To read a whole Testament in a huge holiday binge; and then to read each book individually several times. I also read it while meditating on a verse for minutes, and sometimes days before I conclude any impacting thoughts. I read it on the train, in bed, on the loo and on the beach. It keeps me awake, sometimes, during the night, and motivates me during the day. I spend my life asking God for guidance as I plough through it. Since the day of my conversion on the 21st April 1968 I have persistently, consistently and naggingly pleaded with God to give me an experience of truth that exceeds my knowledge. I desperately have sought my physical self to be subject to my soul, and my soul to be a slave to the life in my spirit. I besiege the Bible and its content with my body, soul and spirit – my entire being – in order to lay hold of Christ. Yes! I read the odd commentary or quotes from the famous as well as the infamous. I read background material and devotional stuff also. For Isaiah, for instance, I read through Calvin, Leupold, Motyer, Oswalt, Edward J Young, and John L McKay. I like O. Palmer Robertson’s, “The Christ of the Prophets.” I do not believe all that I read. However, I do believe that the more I just peruse and paw through the scripture for no other reason than its own worth and value, the more I find myself rejecting what some writers say about the Bible. I do this because of the rationale and reasoning that has built my world-view and paradigm that I have arrived at from my continuous attention to my personal life of bible reading.


Concerning Isaiah: I believe I was somewhat intimidated in the first couple of decades as a Christian by the overqualified authors that suggest there were several Isaiah’s within the 66 chapters, and some of them were even suggested to be adding their lines post-New Testament. Not that I would ever have conceded that these “teachings” intimidated me in the slightest. The shadows cast over the Bible, especially by the so called “Higher Critics” were, to me, shocking – and what was worse, the Higher Critical perspective is still happily assimilated by other evangelical thinkers who seem to always include their own weak and timid response to the Higher Critic’s mantra.


There was a time, believe it or not, when many modernists stated that Isaiah just could NOT have any credibility at all since it claimed to be written 700 years before Christ. The reason for its invalid claims, of course, was because the Higher Critics of the time just refuted any thoughts of “the nonsense” of the miraculous. The rationale went like this: “We do not believe in the miraculous. If the statements concerning the virgin birth in Isaiah chapters 7 and 9, and the atoning death, burial and resurrection of Christ in Isaiah 53, as well as other striking statements that are confirmed by the New Testament were in any way true, that would constitute the most incredible series of miraculous substantiations of all the New Testament gives us. And as the thoughts of miraculous prophecy is “sheer nonsense,” it adds up to the conclusion that Isaiah was written by several people, the majority of which lived after the death of Christ.”  This kind of stuff was like a cancer to the pathetic apologists of the days in which this kind of stuff was written. But then – the Qumran scrolls were discovered in the late 1940’s and complete copies of Isaiah were among them. After exposing them to the very finest of scientific research processes, it has been unanimously stated by the scientific world that the carbon 14 examinations have proved that these documents were written circa 200 BC. I have, however, never yet read any explanation of any Higher Critic to this fact. Perhaps it is because the carbon 14 dating of these scrolls has led to their conversion. Who knows? I believe, most absolutely, that there is no fakery in Isaiah’s character or writings whatsoever.


On another off-shoot of this Higher Critic tom-foolery, that old “divine,” Cheyne claimed that, in his day, it was becoming “more certain” that the present form of the prophetic Scriptures was due to a literary class of editors that he referred to as the Sopherim, Scribes, or Scripturists, whose principal function was collecting and supplementing the scattered records of prophetic revelation held and treasured for centuries by Jewish believers. I hereby declare Cheyne’s forcefully presented ideas to be sheer tosh, no matter how historical his books may be. His idea of the work done by his imaginary Sopherim editors is utterly baseless and without any evidence whatsoever. The known writings of inspired prophets were and have been guarded by the Jews as by a wall of fire. History suggests that the integrity of the Old Testament was safer than Fort Knox. And all classes, whatever their practical unfaithfulness to biblical truth, stood in awe of the Jewish scriptures then, just as much as they do until this day. I simply cannot imagine Jesus quoting stuff and the writers of the New Testament using Isaiah’s name if there was even the slightest chance that it was not Isaiah that wrote it. Of course, most Higher Critics also indulge their unbelief in the concept that “poor old Jesus did not know whether or not the man Isaiah wrote the book that bears his name, because he was as ignorant as the rest of humanity.”  I shall restrain my language and sentiments concerning that kind of fairy tail thinking.  
My personal greatest offence concerning western scholarship and its dealings with the Bible is their insulting, general, non-consultation of Jewish expertise, thought and scholarship, mingled together with their subjective unbelief and approach to hermeneutics and exposition. The Jews treasure their Bible preciously, and always have done. The book of Jeremiah, for instance, was treasured and received as inspired, less than seventy years after it was originally written, according to Daniel’s testimony. Daniel took Jeremiah at face value. If Jeremiah predicted a seven decade exile to Babylon, and the 70 years were fulfilled, Daniel accepted it as fact and responded accordingly. The Pentateuch, also, was considered as scripture immediately after Moses’ death. Read what God said about it in Joshua 1. And yet, Higher Criticism is seemingly convinced of various additions and changes to the whole.


If anybody had suggested to add or subtract even a little to any of these writings, there is no conceivable way under heaven where I could accept that the Jewish leaders would have allowed some nameless person to amend what had hitherto been considered a sacred book. Even the thought of some sympathizer, or “disciple” of Isaiah changing lines here and there, whether a close confidante of the prophet, or merely an admirer from a future generation, is so unthinkable as to be laughable. And yet, so called, “serious scholars,” claim that the “original writings” have been added to, simply because of different phraseology, or concepts mentioned that modern scholarship does not believe was prevalent in Isaiah’s time. The reasoning is so debatable, arguable, and at times laughable, and yet received by most commentaries as the absolute truth.


Added to all this, my convictions concerning the supernatural nature of prophecy renders my mind to a state of incredulity. “How is it possible that Isaiah knew of Cyrus?” the Higher Critics ask. Eh?? The very nature of prophecy tells me that Isaiah could have, by the Spirit of God, mentioned anybody’s name of the future. Enoch, alive before the flood, predicted the Second Advent of Christ (see Jude 14 and 15). On issues like this I reject the overall approach and underlying presuppositions of what is known as Higher Criticism.


If one was to read my study notes, hear my sermons, and think on my responses to theological issues in the 1970’s, and then were to do the same of my material in the last ten years or so, one would note such an incredible difference of it all, even in the superficialities of the neatness of my handwriting that one may consider that there is a “60’s Lannon,” and then there is a separate, “Millennial Lannon.” Two different characters! In fact, to take the principle even further, even since the new Millennium year onwards, my time in Nigeria changed my language and doctrinal emphasis radically. So, from a future perspective of examining my life, it may suggest to some future researcher that there were three men that went by the name of Lannon. There will be Lannon “O” documents (“O” for Original). Then there will be “P” documents, (“P” for prophetic, as under the prophetic tuition of TB Joshua) and then presently there are the “M” documents (“M” standing for my more meditative days, as of now). If this sounds ridiculous, I rather think that is because it is exactly that: ridiculous. The more I read Isaiah, the more I am totally convinced the same person wrote the whole. The substance and subject flow of Isaiah runs smoothly and in a steady gradient as one ploughs through the chapters.  It is my opinion that the New Testament itself verifies what I am saying.


Isaiah 26 is an integral part of the flow that I refer to. Having seen the future of all the surrounding nations that were, in Isaiah’s day, occupying land promised to Abraham, Isaiah lifts his prophetic eyes to the far flung future and the end of days just prior to and into Messiah’s reign on the earth. Isaiah 24 tells us how the days of a great and terrible tribulation will see the deaths of the majority of the world’s population. Of the survivors there will be a remnant of believers, mostly Jews. The majority of the survivors will be anti-God, anti-Semitic and anti-anything that even whiffs of godliness and righteousness. The believing survivors will see the advent of Messiah and His earthly kingdom centred in Jerusalem, and they will be singing the song, and rejoicing in the joy that Isaiah 26 here expresses.


The song in the first eleven verses of the chapter is a lyric of joy in God’s salvation, and the exultation in God’s righteousness for the perfect judgement He will have, at that future point in time, performed over the planet. They rejoice not at all in the fact that the evil of men has slain so many billions of humanity, but because of the manifest righteousness and perfection of God in His response to the evil. The book of Revelation indicates that the wrath of God, at this point of time, is poured out on the planet in the midst of the great tribulation. In the combined works of God’s wrath poured out, the rise of the anti-Christ and the hatred and confusion precipitated by him, will wreak so much terror and horror as to bring all of humanities issues to a climax.


Carrying on from our last paper, we arrive at Isaiah 26:12:             

12. Yahweh, you will establish peace for us; all that we have accomplished you have done for us.

The Hymn of chapter 26 presses forward with a line that directly addresses Yahweh and outlines the existential present blessings that are the result of commitment to following Yahweh with faith, hope and love. Isaiah is glancing over Israel’s history. The godly remnant in Judah confesses what God has done for them. They are in “shalom shalom” or, as it says in most English translations, “perfect peace” (as in Isaiah 26:3).  A person requires, first of all peace with God, which must be followed by the internal peace of God. This is as far as the east is from the west when compared to the judgment on the wicked that has been extended to the evil and godless hordes of the world. God will, as He has done and does in the present, appoint peace and inner tranquility for His people. That peace stands guard over the heart of faith. Whatever the righteous have attempted and enacted and achieved, they see the truth that it is Almighty Yahweh that has achieved it and established it through them. Yahweh has done everything for them. His salvation is wholly His work, there is no human contribution to its flow, apart from the repentant heart that receives it.

13. O Yahweh, our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us, but your name alone do we honor.


“Other lords” would include Pharaoh, various Philistine overlords and the various rulers who subjugated Israel during the time of the judges, as well as other nations who, in Isaiah’s past, have at times subjugated Israel and Judah to themselves and their false deities. Isaiah is studying and making a total reflective meditation over Israel’s history. Those who walk in the righteousness of God, honour Him alone. God is the Lord of history. History is truly His story. He has been faithful and has facilitated His grace in their hearts, so that His people keep His name in perpetual remembrance as their only true Leader.

14. They are now dead, they live no more; they are departed spirits, shades that do not rise. You punished them and brought them to ruin; you wiped out all memory of them.

Those former lords that were human, considered themselves gods, but they were indeed merely mortal men—and “they live no more.”  Isaiah persists with his backward look on those human lordships that had, at various times and in diverse ways, ruled over the Hebrew people. These “lords” may have loomed large like some eerie shadow over the prosperity and family life of Israel, but they went the way of the rich and the poor, the hero and the coward. “You punished them and brought them to ruin; you wiped out all memory of them.” They are “departed spirits” in Sheol, the place of the dead, and they shall not rise, or be resurrected, with the righteous, who will rule and reign with Christ during the Millennium. God visited judgment on them, “brought them to ruin,” and caused memory of them to fade. It is self-evidently implied in this statement that the wicked have absolutely no future at all to look forward to. Who honors the name and memory of the pharaoh of the Exodus? Scholars disagree and choose to argue and debate about the identity of even that particular pharaoh. Whoever and whatever – he is forgotten about.

15. You have enlarged the nation, O Yahweh; you have enlarged the nation. You have gained glory yourself; you have extended all the borders of the land.

In all these memories of backsliding and being ruled over by Israel’s various enemies, there is one blessing that cannot be forgotten: The Jews greatly increased in number in the midst of all the moral and spiritual decline. It is for His glory that God has “enlarged the nation.” Isaiah could be remembering the greater expanse that was all subject to David and Solomon. He may also have been chewing over the increase in territorial possession that came about in King Uzziah’s day, even though it was far less than that land that existed under David’s heel.


But then again, I believe Isaiah is looking to the millennial gains of the state of Israel during Christ’s reign. He is standing in the vision of the future reign of Messiah, and lyricizing what people will be sing in that future day. The will know and sing how Yahweh has expanded the nation. In that day it will be said that He has extended the borders of the land s and nations that submit to Christ right to the ends of the earth. That is, He will have enlarged it not because of who the Israelites are, but because of who He is. Yes indeed! There was some expansion of Judah’s territory in Isaiah’s lifetime. But Isaiah looks ahead to something greater in the Millennial Kingdom. Then they will truly recognize God’s glory.  This verse has an analogy in Isaiah 9:2-4: “The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them. You shall multiply the nation, You shall increase their gladness; They will be glad in Your presence as with the gladness of harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For you shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, The rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian.”

16. Yahweh, they came to you in their distress; when you disciplined them, they could barely whisper a prayer.

Prayers shouted, whispered – or even written are meaningless without faith and repentance. The Psalmist affirmed that if he regarded, or meditated and treasured evil, then Yahweh would not hear his prayer.  Isaiah “reminds” God of how the Israelites sought God in times of trouble. They could hardly whisper, but as they did give a murmur of prayer, God “disciplined them” and brought them back to himself. This repeatedly occurred during the time of the judges. It also occurred in an abortive revolt of 712 to 711 B.C. To cut to the chase: Israel had an incredible destiny – and still has – but the fact that they were so far away from moving towards that destiny caused them to shamefacedly whisper their prayer rather than shout it out loud to Yahweh.

17. As a woman with child and about to give birth writhes and cries out in her pain, so were we in your presence, O LORD.


Now, in Isaiah’s own time, he and his people have endured suffering in the LORD’s presence. Because of His judgments, they have cried out like a woman in the pangs of birth. The high calling of Israel was embedded within the life and development of Israel,but hitherto they had given nothing but wind.


Isaiah is saying that in contrast to the huge and high heavenly hopes of Israel in the earth, next to nothing has transpired throughout the nation’s history. They have produced nothing tangible in Isaiah’s perspective.


Verses 17 and 18 are the lowest thoughts and the saddest memory recollections in the entire song of Isaiah 26.

18. We were with child, we writhed in pain, but we only gave birth to wind. We have not brought salvation to the earth; we have not given birth to people of the world.


When a child is born the pain turns to joy. But in the suffering of this people there has been no birth, no good results—only wind, only pain. There has been no deliverance, no salvation in the land, and the world’s rulers, the Assyrians, have not fallen. God would deal with the Assyrians in due time (Isaiah 10:12), but that time had not yet come.


Then, there is a sudden inspirational moment of revelation that is amazing, far reaching and truly astounding with verse 19. Isaiah’s prophetic sight raises from the lowest to the highest, from the darkest to the lightest, from what is most earthly to what is actually heavenly, from what is death to what is resurrection life. This is revelation at its purest and most sublime. As Leupold says: “It makes a zenith point of all eschatological hope and faith. And this is 700BC Isaiah, not New Testament Paul, or even John the revelator. We can only jaw droppingly be amazed as Isaiah writes.

19. But your dead body shall live, together with my dead body. You who dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy. Your dew is like the dew of the light of the morning; the earth will cast out and give birth to the dead.


It is as if Yahweh had put something within the beings of the dead that were “His.” A seed planted within them. An investment made in them. An ownership ticket attached to them. The dead are the dead – in our eyes. They are left their cadavers behind them and died. The good, the bad and the ugly – no matter what took them, or how they died. But there is the human point of view, and there is the divine point of view. There are those among the dead that are His.  Isaiah is self-evidently inferring, of course, that there are those in the grave that are not his, as well as those that are. And His dead will rise again, and not just their spirits. Their bodies shall rise again with their spirits rehoused. God has an abiding interest and possession in his people that had died. That was true in Isaiah’s day, just as it is true today. Though they were dead, buried, and to a great degree, forgotten, those that died in faith were – and still are – His dead.


Yes! Indeed! Isaiah sees the resurrection of the righteous.


But that is not all!


The “your” and the “my” tells us that there is somebody else’s dead body as well as Isaiah’s dead body. But hold on! There are some scholars who are convinced that it is God who is speaking, stating that His dead body shall live and come to life again. This is heavenly stuff! We have, in contrast to the wicked who are brought “down to the dust” (Isaiah 26:5), the dead who belong to Yahweh (“your dead”) will live.


Plainly, to God’s people, death does not mean the end. Isaiah expects his dead body to rise with them. Or is he saying in Christ’s words that we shall rise with His resurrection?


Some apply this to the restoration of national Israel, as in Ezekiel 36 and 37, but the language is too individualistic here. There will be a call for God’s people to “wake up and shout for joy.” Like David in Psalm 23:6, they already had a hope of dwelling in the house of Yahweh eternally. Like Asaph in Psalm 73:24, they expected God to guide them in this life with His counsel and afterward take them into the glory of heaven. Like Solomon, those that fear and worship the LORD expected the path of life to lead to the place above in order to avoid Sheol beneath (that is, hell). But Isaiah’s prophecy adds another hope that is the hope of resurrection. See Daniel 12:2. “Dew” is symbolic of God’s blessing and favor. The Authorised Version has “dew of herbs.” In 2 Kings 4:39 “herbs” refers to the Malva Rotundifolia, commonly referred to as the Mallow, a plant sensitive to light. However, it is better translated here as “lights” (NASB margin), meaning a fullness of light that comes when the morning sun appears above the horizon. It speaks of a fullness of life here when the graves in the earth break open and the dead rise. We are talking of seriously bright and glorious expectation. Isaiah is at his most exciting with stuff like this. Read this verse with the following:

Job 19:26 says:                       And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God, (ESV)

Ps. 16:10 says:                        For you will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your holy one to rot in the grave. (NLT)

Dan. 12:2 says:                       Many of those whose bodies lie dead and buried will rise up, some to everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting disgrace. (NLT)

John 5:28–29 says:                 Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.  

1 Cor. 15:50–53 says:            I declare to you, brothers and sisters, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed–in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.

Phil. 3:21 says:                       He will take our weak mortal bodies and change them into glorious bodies like his own, using the same power with which he will bring everything under his control. (NLT)

1 Thess. 4:16–17) says:          For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a commanding shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet call of God. First, the Christians who have died will rise from their graves. Then, together with them, we who are still alive and remain on the earth will be caught up in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Then we will be with the Lord forever.


Who says the Bible is not clear?

20. Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by.


The prophet continues with his vision of the very end of times, and sees the horror and terror that there will be right up to the moment that Messiah comes bringing his “resurrected righteous” with Him. Yes, that day is coming! The gates will be open in that glad millennial day, as seen in verse 2. But now the call is for God’s people to go into their rooms and shut the door “for a little while,” until the judgment “has passed by,” literally “passes over.” Significantly it is the same word used of the Passover in Exod. 12:12, 23.  Perhaps to see the great tribulation as a passing over of the angel of death around the world is a sound perspective to adopt. That context gives a solid meaning as to why God’s people should stay locked in their rooms, as were the Children of Israel in that last night in Egypt. There are a small number of expositors who align Isaiah 26:20 with Matthew 6:6, where Jesus instructs His listeners how to pray “in secret.” Here it clearly seems to indicate that God’s people will escape the terrible wrath and judgment of God which will not last long, as seen in 1 Thessalonians 5:9),

21. See, the LORD is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed upon her; she will conceal her slain no longer.

The reason for God’s people shutting the doors to their rooms, and thus closing themselves in with Yahweh Himself, is that God will come “to punish the people of the earth for their sins,” for all their crookedness and wrongdoing. A type of this ultimate sentence on the entire unsaved world is the biblical record of the judgment on the Assyrians.  “The earth will disclose the blood shed upon her; she will conceal her slain no longer.” Prophetic insights don’t get any stranger than this. Planet Earth will cooperate by disclosing the blood and the bodies of the slain. I have no suggestion, at this moment, how the geography of the planet will accomplish such a thing. But be assured, nothing will be hidden from God, and on the grounds of the exact Hebraic text, it is self-evident that all survivors will see the result of this disclosure.

146. Good morning everybody – Let’s sing together Hymn number 26 in Isaiah and we shall stand to sing  

I00 Isaiah 26:1–11              


There is not a shadow of a doubt in my mind that the neglect of the Old Testament by Christian people leads many into deviant teaching, and sometimes even downright heresy. To get to grips with the Old Testament writing prophets, and to seek and search through their statements as a mother searching through a child’s head of hair with, what we used to call, “a nit comb,” (I speak from long held childhood memories), is so necessary to keep us devotionally and doctrinally together.


The resurrected Christ explained His work, His Passion, His death, burial and resurrection all from the Old Testament scriptures (See Luke 24). However, since the writer to the Hebrews talks about the Levitical priesthood and the sacrificial system of worship being “obsolete,” it tends to lead some into dismissing the entire Old Testament as outmoded and superseded in its entirety. The body of Old Testament scripture is the only platform from which the apostles jumped from to explain the gospel. I cling to the solid foundational thought so beautifully taught me by my first pastor in the late 1960’s that, “The New is in the Old concealed. The Old is in the new revealed.” He was talking of the Old and New Testament, of course.


I1I really believe that a lot of eschatological A millennialism, and Replacement Theology is seeded by a sidestepping and an ignoring of many Old Testament issues. The ignored Hebrew Bible leads also to all the unrealistic and uncoherent versions of Universalism. It can also lead to an insipid, “God loves everybody, and therefore nobody will finish up in hell” theology that is unrealistic, and does not match with the reality of life and the world as a whole.


The Old Testament prophets were raised by God to speak into the depravity of man, and the backslidings of the Jews from the promises and commitments that they made to Yahweh as a nation in the days of Moses. “The depravity of man and the evil of the human heart is,” as Malcolm Muggeridge wrote, “the most self-evident and undeniable truth, plain to the whole planet of all races and nations, and is at the same time the most flatly denied of all biblical truths.”


Having spent the first twelve chapters of his writings explaining the evils of Hebrew society and the judgement that will come upon them because of those evils, Isaiah went further. From chapter 13 to chapter 23 he lists how all the surrounding nation states and ethnic groups have a judgement day approaching, That leads us here to the section of Isaiah 24 to chapter 27 inclusively. In 24 the prophet sees a judgement most terrible, a holocaust that is to impact the entire world, Out of this judgement that will reduce the world’s population greatly, there will be a period of a believing remnant that will wait for the coming of Messiah. This remnant will comprise of mostly Hebrews, with a gentile contingent. And on that day, when Yahweh (in the person of Christ) will reign on earth, they will sing a song.


I02It is impossible to read these verses and redact one’s beliefs and convictions concerning hell, judgement and absolute truths as many Christians do. Isaiah 24-27 has to be absolutely denied and treated as error for people to arrive at Replacement Theology or Universalism. God has given us 66 books, The New Testament is indeed far superior to the Old Covenant, but the entire Old Testament revelation is discarded or belittled at our own peril.


I believe in the New Testament believer being seated in Heavenly Places in Christ. I believe that every person in Christ is a new creation. I believe in that great body of truth that many Bible expositors refer to as “New Creation Realities.” But the statements concerning God’s very nature as poured out throughout the Old Testament and especially men like Isaiah, and the eschatological picture they paint of a day that is even future to us two and a half millennia later  must not be denied, buried or ignored by Christians.


In the late 1800’s the great Charles Haddon Spurgeon made a statement while ploughing through the writings of the prophet Malachi. I quote:


I03“The proper study of the Christian is the character and nature of the Godhead. It is the highest science, and the loftiest speculation. The mightiest philosophy, which can ever engage the attention of the child of God is the name, the nature, the person, the work, the doings, and the existence of the great God whom Christ calls his Father. There is something exceedingly improving to the mind in a contemplation of the Divinity. It is a subject so vast, that all our thoughts are lost in its immensity; so deep, that our pride is drowned in its infinity. Other subjects we can comprehend and grapple with; in them we feel a kind of self-contentment, and go our way with the thought, “Behold I am wise.” But when we come to this master science, finding that our plumb-line cannot sound its depth, and that our eagle eye cannot see its height, we turn away with the thought that “I am but of yesterday, and know nothing.”


Extolling the love of God, and humanly arriving at the thought that either God’s judgement is inconsistent with His love, or that to dismiss thoughts of Divine judgement exalts the concept of His love is a downright fallacy, and leads to the shipwreck of faith and a life of integrity. As an aside, and as a point of pure logic, why should I feel any imperative to live a holy life of any degree or description, if Attila the Hun, Adolf Hitler and the leaders of ISIS will be sat next to me in glory anyhow? Every single person that has ever lived righteous or unrighteous, Jew or Christian, Atheist or Theist, Hindu, Sikh or Muslim will stand before Almighty God in judgement. Paul teaches in 2 Corinthians 5 that Christians will stand, alone, individually and personally at the Judgement seat of Christ. That judgement will be severe and thorough for everything a person has done, thought and spoken in their lives since conversion. The rest of the world, and those that have come to faith during Christ’s millennial reign will stand in the same solitary manner at what the Bible refers to as “The Great White Throne Judgement,” when God the Father will be the active Judge.


I04It is this writer’s conviction that Isaiah 26 gives us a song that is to be sung immediately after Christ has assumed the throne of David in Jerusalem, and has commenced his “millennial reign.” I have no doubt that the song will be relevantly sung throughout the entire thousand years of Christ’s reign.


“In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah …” So, this chapter is definitely a song! Or at least it begins with a song. A Hymn of praise! Yes indeedy! This chapter actually contains the lyrics of a song, composed with a view to it being, “released,” and popularly sung at a very particular point of time. “That day,” when seen in the context of Isaiah chapters 24 through to chapter 27, seems to be addressing that point of time when Christ has returned to earth and is enthroned in Jerusalem and His millennial reign has commenced. When that day arrives, Israel will be occupying both Jerusalem and the whole of the land we know as Israel, and likely quite some areas beyond what we call present day borders. It will be the ultimate fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham, including land East of the Jordan, and conceivably the majority of, if not the entire Arabian Peninsula.


I wish we had the melody that Isaiah obviously knew how to sing, but I suppose each generation has its own music style and tastes, so we are clearly left to make up the tune ourselves if we felt the desire to take up this song now. Oh, how important is music, and the lyrics of songs that extol God and His character.


  1. In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts.


I05“In that day this song will be sung.” It is a lyric in which the great things God had engaged in, as explained in the foregoing couple of chapters, doing things for his people, against His enemies and the enemies of Judah, are celebrated with great and exultant joy and happiness. It is stated that it is primarily to be sung when the predictive prophecies of chapters 24 and 25 are accomplished. As old Matthew Henry said – or was it John Calvin? – “We must move forward to meet God with our thanks while He is coming forward towards us with his mercies.” Or something like that. Wonderful statement Matthew! John! Whoever!


“In that day,” refers to the coming millennial days, when the curse is fully removed from all of creation, and finally from the redeemed. This will be when Judah and Jerusalem, as well as the redeemed from all nations, tribes and tongues will have a glorious God-given reason to sing. The song is a swell of praise to be sung while the impact of the full restoration of all things is in full process. It is a glorious song to be voiced by the thankful population of Jerusalem for the transformation of their capital into a city of peace, as God fulfills His redemptive purpose for the city.


His salvation will be better than physical walls and “ramparts,” or bulwarks (i.e. fortifications that slope on the inner side of a wall in order to give greater resistance at attempts to batter them down). He, that is, Yahweh, will protect His people, and therefore He is said to be their bulwark. He is all-sufficient. A whole new recreation demands an entirely different means of national defence. For although the whole world will be at peace, there will be national parameters and racial parameters also, and not everybody on the planet will be in possession of their resurrection bodies – suggesting differences of mind and opinions will still be existent. Indeed, the city needs to be strong still for reasons of defence – and defence is always because of the potential reality of being attacked.


I06“This song will be sung in the land of Judah.” All Jews at last will be reunited. But Jerusalem will always be in that section of Israel that we know as Judah.   This is confirming what Ezekiel saw three generations after Isaiah’s day, while sat on the banks of the River Chebar and seeing the same scenario as Isaiah sees here, namely that in the millennial blessings of the prophet’s far distant future, the tribes of Israel shall still have their individuality, their respective allotments of land and their separate, personal, tribal identity.


“We have a strong city.” As the song progresses we are confident he is singing of a real and literal city. I am quite aware that Zion, originally, was a small “corner” in that part of Jerusalem that was named Zion. But it is commonly believed that a generation or two after David, Zion became a spiritual epithet for the entire city of Jerusalem. So we conclude that Isiah is referring to Zion, that is, Jerusalem and all that is within her walls.  But there clearly seems to be a double identity. Not only does it intimate to be the literal mountain of Zion he refers to, namely Jerusalem as we know it, but the statement, “God makes salvation its walls and ramparts,” indicates a spiritual dimension running concurrent with the physical. Instead of hard stone walls surrounding Zion and protecting them from harm (which there obviously was in Isaiah’s day, and will be in the Millennium), he refers to the hard and solid eternal salvation of God to be the wall and rampart of the city of which the prophet sings. How marvelous is this! Two Zions? It would seem so.


  1. Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter, the nation that keeps faith.


I07The fact that it is God who has built the city walls by means of His salvation and grace, makes it a truth to say that the city will be prepared by God Himself for nobody else but His people – that is those who are saved through their belief in the saving grace of God. The statement is that the gates will only be opened to grant entrance to those of faith in Yahweh. “Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter.”


The song lyric that the prophet is inspired to write calls for the gates to be opened for, “the righteous nation” only. That is, the nation that keeps, or guards, faith.  This could refer to the very exercise of faith, bringing salvation, and/or the body of belief that is referred to as, “the faith.” Either option, however, is dependent on the other. Those in faith need to keep the belief system pure. And a pure theological body of belief that isn’t being exercised actually loses its purity because of its lack of use and implementation.  “Nation” (Hebrew, “Goiim”) is often used of Gentiles. Here, it means any people, of any nation, tribe or tongue, who are right with God, being justified by faith.


  1. You will keep in perfect peace him whose mind is steadfast, because he trusts in you.


I08God provides “perfect peace” In Hebrew it actually says, “shalom shalom.” It is repeated to emphasize the genuineness, the depth, and the perfection of the peace given to the soul by Yahweh Himself to those who are mindful of Him continually as they walk in faith.  In the midst of difficulties and stress, God will keep those in spiritual well-being, and true internal peace of spirit, whose minds, thoughts, impulses, and tendencies, are unshakable and undeviating because their absolute trust is in God. They believe and do not doubt in any circumstance. The doubter “is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind” (James 1:6).


Isaiah 26:3 is one of those classic statements that stand as a mighty rock and an inspirational pillar of fire and security, even when taken out of context. The thought conveyed by the verse is an eternal rock in any environment that life finds us in. It could be said that these lines are the ultimate context and premise for faith. It needs no context to be appropriated by the believer.  Believing it while we expend our mortal coil is its context.


The statement reveals God’s initiation of the truth here propositionally presented. He built the walls to keep His people safe. He gives the “shalom shalom,” in response to steadfast trust placed in Him. God Himself locates the heart and mind that is fixed on Him in such a manner, and the ramifications are that the peace of God runs rampant in the heart and mind of he or she that is devoted in such a perpetual manner.  Notice that, in the text, it is not actually Yahweh that is saying he will keep the believer in peace, but Isaiah who has seen and experienced the workings of God in His own soul. The believer will be sustained and maintained in their glorious dependence on the Master’s grace. Perfect peace is an alien visitor to those who are over mindful of the circumstances of this world.


“The faith” must be mountain-like steadfast and anchor-like sure. Then the peace will be held in perfection and sustained in longevity. It is activated by the mind that is stayed on His provision as well as the whys and wherefores of that provision.


  1. Trust in Yahweh forever, for Yah, Yahweh, is the Rock eternal.


I09The desire to evangelise, that others may enjoy a relationship with God comes as an integral component of receiving God’s salvation; Old Testament or New, Apostle or Prophet, the foundation of their writings and world-view is an appeal to “Taste and see that the Lord is good.” Those with steadfast trust in God will self-evidently call on others to “Trust in Yahweh forever.” Our faith and trust in Yahweh must be continuous and on-going. A one-time expression of faith, or trust, is not enough. He will not fail us because He is “the Rock eternal.” The picture of God as the eternal “Rock” speaks not only of strength, but of protection, security, and permanence (Isaiah 17:10 in the Amplified Bible says:  “Because you have forgotten the God of your salvation [O Judah] and have not been mindful of the Rock of your strength, your Stronghold—therefore, you have planted pleasant nursery grounds and plantings [to Adonis, pots of quickly withered flowers used to set by their doors or in the courts of temples], and have set [the grounds] with vine slips of a strange [God]).” Everlasting strength and help flowing towards us are constituent attitudes of God’s very nature, and the embedded components of His salvation. The repetition of “Yah, Yahweh” draws attention to the faithfulness of His covenant-keeping name and character. I was taught by one great leader and soldier of Christ that, “Yah,” was God’s name in battle, while Yahweh refers to His complete integrity in keeping covenant. One cannot get hold of a firmer rock, or more permanent concept than “eternal.” The prophet appealing to us to trust in Yahweh forever obviously suggests consciousness, alertness and choice on the other side of the grave.


  1. He humbles those who dwell on high, he lays the lofty city low; he levels it to the ground and casts it down to the dust.


I10God is not only a Rock. Rocks are utterly still. Yahweh, however, is ever active. Judgment, Divinely exercised over us in this life, must prepare the way for repentance, faith and restoration. What God did in bringing down the pride of Moab and leaving its cities in total ruin, He will do to the pride of all the lofty cities of the world. This is why this chapter, and even this whole section of Isaiah is referred to as “A Tale of Two Cities.” Isaiah is seeing the City of Zion compared in contradistinction with the proud and lofty cities of the world. Even Nineveh that dwelt on high, or Babylon that later considered itself lofty would both be laid low by the mighty hand of God. He resists the proud. The judgement of God is sometimes seen in this world, but will always be seen in the next. Judgement of Christians in their lifestyle and conduct since conversion of their life “in Christ,” and judgement of the nations for the life of those that saw the end of their mortal coil without yielding their lives to Yahweh.


  1. Feet trample it down—the feet of the oppressed, the footsteps of the poor.


Though God’s people are “oppressed” (afflicted) and “poor” (helpless and insignificant in the perspective of worldly paradigms), they will walk in triumph on the ruins that God will bring about – a triumph they could not achieve themselves. The world will praise Assyria and Babylon in its day, as they did with the rise of Greece and of Rome. However, the world was also rejoicing in the downfall of these empires. The contrary thrust of the prophetic message, as well as the New Testament apostolic kerygma is that those who humble themselves before Yahweh shall be exalted; for the feet of the poor shall tread upon the lofty cities it says so here. Empires of the world rise and fall. The righteous will be remembered by God Himself, forever.


Isaiah does not say, “Great and forceful armies shall tread the evil cities down,” but, when God wants it done, “the feet of the oppressed” and poor shall do it.



  1. The path of the righteous is level; O upright One, you make the way of the righteous smooth.


I11Having referred to how the haughty and lofty cities are fallen, and how the righteous poor will be trampling over the once might structures that are “now,” in his vision, a ruin, the prophet turns his mind to the life and conduct of the righteous poor, and what motivated them in their actions of purity even though they were externally oppressed. Isaiah looks at the time that the Jewish people will be waiting for Yahweh to visibly come to their rescue, immediately prior to the millennial situation that Isaiah 26 is graphically portraying, that is when Messiah and the future release of the cosmos from the fall comes into realisation when Christ comes to reign on earth.  The straight and level walk with God is what he analyses. “The path of the righteous,” i.e. those right with God, is a “level” way. That is, God makes it orderly, upright, and straight as the path trails towards its goal. Yahweh, who is the “Upright One,” makes the path “smooth,” and cleared of obstacles. This does not mean they never have difficulties, problems, or struggles.  God sees them through the opposition tendered sometimes by demons, sometimes by people and sometimes by circumstances. Any one, two or all of these factors engage with the person of faith. He makes a way when there seems to be no way.  All we need do is walk with Him.


  1. Yes, Yahweh, walking in the way of your laws, we wait for you; your name and renown are the desire of our hearts.


Those who are expectantly waiting for Yahweh, trusting in Him, walk in the path of His “laws” (in the Hebrew “mispateka,” means, quite literally, as “His decisions”) while the horrors of judgement are overwhelming much of the world. This can mean that either they live in obedience to His Word, or they are faithful in the midst of the judgments that are beginning to come upon on the earth – or, both, of course. The desire for the name of Yahweh is a desire to see His nature, attributes and character manifested on the planet. It is also a desire to see Him in personal manifestation. They hunger to see His nature held in remembrance, that is, His past revelations of who He is.

  1. My soul yearns for you in the night; in the morning my spirit longs for you. When your judgments come upon the earth, the people of the world learn righteousness.


I12The change to the first person singular shows that the prophet had that same expectant desire as all the righteous do, even “in the night.” The phrase, “my spirit longs for you,” indicates the inner depths of his desire after Yahweh.  The believing heart longs for the fullest manifestation of Him whom the human heart lives for.  Longing for Him “in the morning” includes the idea of seeking Him often or constantly, as well as the thought of willfully submitting to him at the start of every new day. God’s “judgments [that] come upon the earth” are the motivation for doing this, and the testimony of obedient seekers of Yahweh becomes a means whereby the inhabitants of the earth “learn righteousness.” This will have its future and more complete fulfillment after the judgments of the Great Tribulation as explained in Revelation 15:4.


  1. Though grace is shown to the wicked, they do not learn righteousness; even in a land of uprightness they go on doing evil and regard not the majesty of Yahweh.


The concept of Divine Judgement on non-repentant adult hearts stands up here to be counted. The wicked, are not ready to, “learn righteousness,” even when God shows them gracious favour and goodness. In “a land of uprightness,” where God’s truth is evident, they still act unjustly, doing evil and refusing to recognize “the majesty of Yahweh.” God’s judgments are necessary, though the wicked cannot see how righteous and just they are. It those who see the full circle of God’s love as well as His most severe judgement that praise Him for that very judgement. They fully realise that they are only participants in God’s saving grace because of their repentance and acceptance of His love. Judgement is part of His justice in the swell of His love


  1. O LORD, your hand is lifted high, but they do not see it. Let them see your zeal for your people and be put to shame; let the fire reserved for your enemies consume them.


I13Yahweh will lift up His hand to act, that is, to bring judgment, but they will not “see [recognize] it.” But Isaiah calls on God to “let them see … and be put to shame.” He wants God’s zeal for His people to be seen. The prophet hungers for God’s holy fire to devour His enemies (who are also enemies of God’s people).


“But this is only Old Testament revelation,” a Universalist said to me. “But he is prophesying something that will take place in the future immediately after New Testament church times. Incoherent illogicality alone can read this and not apply Isaiah’s words here as a universal statement of what will happen in his far distant future. And that is to say nothing of the statements of passages like 2 Thessalonians 2, especially verses 10-12. Eternal, damnable judgement for those that reject God is a simple fact of Biblical Judeo-Christian paradigm. The New Testament world-view ultimately leads to the judgement as described in the book of Revelation, as is summed up here in Isaiah 24-27.


It is a pure and glorious thing to be saved from the wrath to come.


145. “In this Mountain” and nowhere else is the removal of the Universal Death Shroud

“In this mountain shall the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees, well refined. And He will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations.  He will swallow up death in victory. And the Lord Yahweh will wipe away the tears from all faces, and the shame and disgrace of His people He will remove from all over the earth, for Yahweh has so promised it.”      Isaiah 25: 6-8.



In this mountain shall the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees, well refined. (Isaiah 25:6)


The incredible clarity of Isaiah’s long distance prophetic vision, and the awesome imagination of the predictive and poetic graphic motif of Isaiah 25, are both filled with a technicolour, large screen, Dolby, all-round sound portrait of where God wants to take humanity. The illustration painted grabs the observer by the scruff of the neck. I am told that when folks, whose first language is Hebrew, hear Isaiah 26 read to them, it has the same impact on their inner language filters as Shakespeare does to the Englishman. I cannot vouch for the Hebrew reading, but I can certainly extol the reading of nearly all of the English translations of this section of holy writ. There are a few that destroy its flight of eloquence, its grace of movement and its gist of  meaning – and I shall leave my readers to discover for themselves those versions to which I refer – but for me its direction and sweep is comprehensive of and consistent with all New Testament teachings and gospel presentations.


I can see how, in its immediate relevance, some modern expositors may think of it as referring to the return of Judah after their later 70 year exile in Babylon. I would happily debate that this view is not consistent nor coherent to the whole of Isaiah’s view. However, without a shadow of a doubt this portion, shoots its bullets much further into the future and into the psyche of all of mankind, and not just the Hebrew historical timeline. Note how some of these remarks, which were uttered some seven and a half centuries before Christ’s ministry even hit our time space world as an eye opening, hope supplying, insight into the future.


2568 02 Heavenly Jerusalem

Early depiction of the New Jerusalem with the twelve apostles and the twelve leaders of the Tribes of Israel.

In these verses Isaiah sees the vision of God’s ideal, the saving of mankind, and His vision for the future of humanity. He sees all of gentile mankind associated – no – linked, arm in arm with Israel in sharing their promised blessings. To say his vision was radical in his time, cannot be overstated. And my, how radical was he? These two facts make it all the more remarkable that the prophet, with this supernaturally wide outlook, should insist with such emphasis on the fact that it has a local geographic centre – i.e. in Zion. Israel and the locality of Canaan, (the “Holy Land” or “Israel” – however one wants to name it) is normal and was accepted by all Godly Jews on the basis of the promise of a Davidic king to reign forever in Jerusalem. The promise was to Abraham that he would possess the land in perpetuity. No problem with that! The promise was to David that a king would sit on his throne in Jerusalem – Zion – in perpetuity. No problem with that either. However, here we see all nations knocking on the same gate of the city of Zion, where the Jews would be abiding in this future millennial vision and motif. The entire connection of the promises of God to Israel including the land I see clearly throughout the warp and woof of the Old Testament – and in the New. That is clearly literal. But to use Zion in the context of the gentiles being saved and redeemed is only a spiritualisation. Isn’t it?


“In this mountain,” is three times repeated in the song of Isaiah 25 (verses 6, 7 and 10). Two of those instances occur in the verses of the text above. Lying side by side with them are the expressions, “all people,” (verses 6, and 7) and, “all nations,” as if to bring together the locale of the origin of the blessings given, and the universal extent, of those blessings promised altogether in the same statement.  I find this one of the profoundest prophetic thrusts of Isaiah. I see the term “Zion” used in one sentence that obviously has a literal meaning to the Hebrew recipient, as it is spiritual to the church. He saw Jew and gentile redeemed together, and both in Zion. What is our bread and butter of understanding today in normal New Testament teaching, that the believing Jews and the gentiles are brought together in Christ is particularly easy to grasp as a concept, This statement of Isaiah’s however, was breathtakingly drastic to the ears of the masses and the religious when he delivered this divinely given concept as the blueprint for the world’s future. The Jewish believer and the gentile come to faith are both asking for the gates of Zion to open to them.


This complete and all-round blessing of redemption and deliverance that was to surge through the world like a well-spring was to be opened up and shed abroad from, “This Mountain.” The light of the whole world would be sourced totally from a single locality – “This Mountain.”  The desire of the nations and the hope of the world, which has always seemed like an impossible, dream-like, utopian aspiration – the world of peace and justice that presidents and social reformers have laboured for – and its “unlikely” if not “impossible” arrival in this time space world, was seen as sure and positively by Isaiah and other brothers in prophecy as it is possible to express. The hope of its arrival as a physical reality touching all things animal, vegetable, mineral and spiritual rest on one definite predicted fact, in one clearly stated place, at one definite – yet unknown to Isaiah – point of time. It is here as plain as language can make it. Isaiah could not have been clearer. He knew the place, but what exactly was to be done? Or precisely when, whatever the activity was, was it to be accomplished?  On this issue, all my readers and I know very well, and ought to be all the wiser as to the what, when, how and why.


‘In this mountain,’ and in this mountain only, is the divinely provided feast that was to feed the world. There is no “other mountain.” And, “in this mountain,” free familiarity of access follows – it is a feast with a self-evident invite to all and sundry on the planet, i.e. “All peoples,” and “All nations.” Inter-racial fellowship, communication and communion with Him. Abundant Supply of all wants and desires. All this in perpetuity, together with prolonged festal joy and family intercommunion.


The Bible, history, the presence of Christianity in the earth (howbeit in all its flavours, colours and shapes and deviations), and all the benefits to mankind that have come by the inspiration of devotees of the living Christ, teach us that Jesus Christ of Nazareth fulfils the envisioned blinding light of glory that inspired the prophet’s brilliant words concerning what God would do, “in this mountain,” as manifested in the words of Isaiah 25. “In this mountain,” the darkness that shrouds the hearts of humanity is pierced. “In this mountain,” the woven web of sin, shame, evil and spiritual blindness is dismantled, sliced and diced throughout.


2568 03 the-prophet-isaiah- by Tiepelo

Tiepolo’s vision of Isaiah with the angels.

We must conclude that ‘this mountain,’ in which Yahweh does the great and awesome things that this song extols Him for and exults in Him so much for accomplishing, is just as much Zion – as Calvary. Not only the earthly society of the resurrected, saved and redeemed Hebrews in the millennial city of Jerusalem here on earth, but also the redeemed, resurrected, heavenly society of all tribes and nations that have known, and still know the living Christ and dwell in the heavenly Jerusalem.  Doesn’t the Epistle to the Hebrews say, that we the born again, redeemed of Christ, have come to Zion? (“But you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem.” Hebrews 12:22). Surely the writer of Hebrews had the concepts of the prophecy of Isaiah 25 firmly before his eyes when he wrote.


While the hideous so called “Replacement Theology” takes ground in the hearts and minds of many, reducing vast swathes of the Old Testament to sheer temporal outmoded history, totally unnecessary to the New Testament believer, and while, simultaneously, the hideous plague of universalism that cherry picks those parts of the bible that speak of grace and comfort, and reduce those promises of judgement and hell to meaningless poetry – while so many twenty-first century voices create lies, shadows and false routes to salvation and the millennium, this declaration of Isaiah stands firm and rocklike. It follows the terror of the judgement of Isaiah 24. Remember, Isaiah 24-27 is a flowing, single narrative.


For us all, individually, and collectively, this localisation of the origin of the universal redemption of mankind and renewing of creation as a whole, is a statement that only a fool would ignore. “In this mountain,” and its surrounding statements of the divine plan, purpose and pursuit, is an understanding of a self-evident invite and an offer of blessing to whosoever – without any riders whatsoever. Isaiah is truly a man before his time, seeing the gospel being declared to the gentile world.


Whatever Isaiah is saying about this mountain, whatever “In this mountain,” is, or whatever it means – it is the place we all need to go to. It isn’t an option of, “this mountain amongst others.” This mountain, alone, is the fountain location of the ultimate good for the world and the planet.  It is all, “In this mountain.” To seek it anywhere else is to seek in vain. Read it for yourself and see if there is the option of any other way.


One needs to dig down deeper than the shallow sands of man’s thinking and teaching, before Bottom of Form

Jesus Christ can be given entry into the heart and brings the saving food that we need. I am referring to the food that will be, in Isaiah’s future, spread for consumption, “in this mountain.”  “I am the Bread of God which came down from heaven to give life to the world,” is what Christ Himself stated. Was He meditating on Isaiah 25 when he spoke those words? Remembering such statements, let me plead with any reader of mine to listen to the voice of warning as well as the invitation to you, which sounds from His cradle, His cross, His empty crypt and His throne.


2568 10 Matsuo Ghost Mine

This was the village built around a sulphur mine in Japan. It is now a deserted Ghost town that has this perpetual death shroud of a mist hanging over it. Very eery.

He will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations.”  (Isaiah 25:7)


In this mountain,” God Himself will destroy the covering cast over the whole world. It’s a covering millions know nothing of.


This covering has a face. It suggests there is a personality behind the extent of this veil. It is a net, a web, a death shroud, a darkened restricting blanket spread over all the nations.  It is referred to as a veil, suggestive of it being placed on (or in) our heads interfering with our sight, our hearing, our ability to speak as well as our freedom to move. This is a fearsome status quo. Isaiah’s inference is that we are free agents only as far as the death shroud surrounding us, permits. It is a woe filled, pathetic picture. It is a dark pall laid over the whole world. It is over all of creation, not just mankind. It is what makes animals wild, and the earth to quake and tremor. It would seem there is this pall of death over the whole of the cosmos. Isaiah declares it to be so and describes it very clearly. And yet, because we breathe, we have the nerve to declare, “We are alive.” Some are vain enough to call Isaiah a mere poet, speaking things without substance. “It’s all poetic metaphors and parables.” However one describes the text, one cannot escape the fact that there is hard concrete universal truth embedded in the message of his words. The words of this verse suggest that we are dead, in the coffin, neatly and tidily covered with the appropriate death shroud, and ready for burial. And so indeed we are, if it were only half the story of Isaiah 25:6-8. We have no light, the death shroud blocks it out. The light, truly, is there. But the thickness of the shroud lets the shrouded one believe there is no such thing as light. This is exactly how Isaiah sees us all.  We are born under the shroud, and millions live and then die in the shroud having seen no trace of the light at any time in their life. They were born dead. And then they die already dead. Shrouds are entangled also around the feet of the world’s population. Thus, we cannot but stumble, blindly in the gloom that surrounds us. It is a pathetic picture, but it does not go a single centimetre beyond absolute reality.


We are all within and beneath that veil. We are swathed, obstructively as regards light, liberty, and by its heavy folds, unless Christ has freed us.


What the Bible denotes as the principle of sin is the black woven thing whose murky, filthy folds wrap themselves around us all and impede us, blacken us, and blind us to visions of God, His purity and power, and all the glorious heaven above us.  It is the weighty, impenetrable smog that settles on the lowlands, while the sky above it is undimmed while the sun is blazes at its zenith. However, not one shaft of light or glimmer of brightness can penetrate through the woven, chilled impediment, and so people of all races and strains stagger and stumble about in the murkiness with artificial lamps and synthetic torches, while fifty feet above them is sunshine and glorious day. It is in exactly the same way that this death shroud of a veil is spread over all nations and shuts out God.


2568 09 Death shroud confirming death and readiness to bury

The death shroud over the body of Pope John 23rd.

Our eyes have got so used to the dull darkness that the vague asymmetry of the woven fabric may allow us to discern the criss-cross of the weaving, and the texture of the black strands that have formulated the shroud that is meant to bury us and blind us before we close our eyes forever. Such weakened, inferior sense of sight may fool us into thinking that we can see. In this circumstance the death shroud causes many to see Him as men lost in a deep and putrid miasma see the sun, shorn of clarity – a sun that we can indeed look at, but not understanding that the very fact we can see the sun, and stare at it without being blinded demonstrates the very fact that we are not seeing it clearly. And this is, indeed, how much of the world sees God. The very fact that people use the word God as an expletive, or the name of Christ as an obscenity declares that they have no revelation at all concerning Him whom they refer to in such a manner. But by God’s own initiative, and His eternally decreed action, the death shroud is actually removed “in this mountain,” that Isaiah refers to as “Zion.”


And so the last slivers of the dark covering, like the shredded vapours of a disbursed cloudburst, are divided into diaphanous rags which ultimately dissipate away below the skyline, leaving the immaculate glory of God and the blazing brightness of Christ before our eyes. “And “we with unveiled face” can lift them up to be irradiated by the light. “In this mountain will the Lord destroy the covering that is spread over all nations.”


He will swallow up death in victory. And the Lord Yahweh will wipe away the tears from all faces, and the shame and disgrace of His people He will remove from all over the earth, for Yahweh has so promised it.  (Isaiah 25:8)


“He will swallow up death in victory,” or, as probably the word more correctly means, “He will swallow down death for ever.” There is no other spiritual or religious solution for the world’s evils that even attempt to deal with that “shadow, feared so much by Man,” that sits and waits for us at the end of all our earthly pathways. Jesus Christ alone has dealt with it. He met death in an eternally impacting head on collision and simply swallowed it up. Just like, in a similar, but much weaker type, the warrior of Judah, who went down into a pit and slew a mighty lion, Christ was to go down into the lair of the dreadful thing we call “Death”, and has come up leaving Death dead on the threshold of the pit he jumped into. In this mountain He – and He alone, swallowed up death.


2568 08 Jesus at the wedding feast

Jesus at the wedding at Cana. Can you find the Saviour in the midst of the crowd?

It is surely deliberate – or do they do it reflexively and intuitively? – when the New Testament writers rarely talk down to call the corporeal fact by the disagreeable old appellation. It has actually altered its character for the human being aligned by faith with Jesus Christ. It is now “a sleep.” It is, “an exodus.” It is a “going out,” as from the land of Egypt into a land of peace. It is a “plucking up of the tent-pegs,” according to another of the words which the writers employ for death, in preparation for our entering the other side, when this “tabernacle is dissolved.” It is a simple matter of leaving one room and entering through a curtain into another. It is, for the Christian, a state of being for us at a later date to receive. It is “a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.” It is moving from the mortal to the immortal. From the temporal to the immortal.


To die in Christ is not to die at all as commonly perceived, but is a mere change of condition, a leaving of one room into another, a passing through a curtain. It is a change of location simply to be with Him, which is far “better.” So when Paul was coming within assessable distance of his own martyrdom, even whilst the headsman’s block was ahead and clearly within his sight, he could still say, “He hath abolished death,” even though the physical fact of death remained still. Paul must have been well acquainted with Isaiah 25.By His resurrection Jesus Christ has established immortality as a certainty for mankind. To die believing that it is only a short tunnel through which we pass, and come out into fairer lands on the other side of the mountains, is to conquer that last foe even though from an exterior superficial perspective it seems to conquer us.


2568 07

“All Nations” and “All peoples” invited to the Divinely prepared feast for the redeemed.

Jesus Christ died that we might never die and lives that we may live forever. He swallowed down death itself, and by His resurrection lays the table of a feast in the resurrection. His indestructible and immortal life will give to each of us, if we join ourselves to Him by faith, an immortal life that will persist through the curtain of death, and be increased by, the experience of bodily passing into death and into the presence of Christ Himself.  At that point, as Paul quotes the words of Isaiah 25, “shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, “Death is swallowed up in victory.””  It is at that point of our existential experience that Christ will strip the believer of the covering that is cast over him, as over us all. This covering begins its removal and unwinding this side of the grave, but the great task will be almost complete the other side in His presence, but completely fulfilled when the believer puts on His immortal body.  If a person will not let Him unwind its folds from their limbs in this life, then like the clothes of a drowning man, they will sink you.


The Master Himself, with His own hand shall wipe away all tears. Surely this is the most tender of all scripture statements as we peak into the far distant future.


Perhaps not quite so far – or distant.

2568 06

144. The Removal of the Thick Sticky Web woven over all peoples and being divinely invited to feast

251The Global Holocaust of Isaiah 24 precedes A Millennial Banquet in Chapter 25.

Isaiah 25:1-12

Having discussed and shared how this writer believes that the sequence of thought and progression of proposition is perfectly straightforward from the opening lines of the book of Isaiah through to this section comprising chapters 24 to 27, we now make camp on the twenty-fifth chapter.

This section looks as pleasantly upon the redeemed as the former looked dreadfully upon the lost, judged world. We can only comprehend the highest significance of this chapter in proportion to our insight to the spirit and content of the chapter which precedes it.

  1. O LORD, you are my God; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done marvellous things, things planned long ago.

First: the vision of Yahweh reigning gloriously in the earth and all its situations inspires Isaiah to praise Him. “O Lord, You are my God.”  This opening line after the trauma of chapter 24 reveals something of Isaiah’s consciousness of the hugeness of the metanarrative of the purpose of God. The affinity he has with Yahweh is affirmed.  He recognizes Yahweh as his God, in an intensely personal way. The presence of God no longer frightens him as it did at first in those early verses of chapter 6.

252Secondly: now he exalts God, praising His name for all the wonderful things He has done. The wonders and incredible acts of Yahweh are joyfully acknowledged. “You have done marvellous things.”

Lastly, the eternal first cause of the beginning of all things in creation is asserted in the phrase “things planned long ago.” Or as another translation has it, “Your counsels of old.” This particular perfection of God which the prophet celebrates, is a fountain of stability and confidence to everyone that “thirsts after righteousness.” The big bang, i.e. the initial point of time commencement, where the universe began was indeed the words of God Himself. Plans that God made “long ago” were consequently in the process of being fulfilled by Him even in Old Testament times – and Isaiah saw this. Paul explains several times in the New Testament that he wasn’t preaching something newly invented, or freshly created in the mind of God, but something that had been revealed by the prophets long before he was born in Tarsus. And here we have Isaiah saying exactly the same thing, that what he revealed of the future, was something God had planned long ago before even he was born. The whole concept is a demonstration of the magnificence of the everlasting Almighty God.


  1. You have made the city a heap of rubble, the fortified town a ruin, the foreigners’ stronghold a city no more; it will never be rebuilt.


253Isaiah is taking his own aerial view of what he sees in chapter 24 and what happens thereafter. From chapter 24 he has seen that:

  • God’s judgment has made store cities (“city” here is collective of a plurality of situations) a heap of nothing but stones.
  • Fortified, impregnable battle cities a ruin. Ghost towns will be made of huge population centres. In the early twenty-first century, as I write, that means cities of many millions will be decimated.
  • The fortified palaces of foreigners are no longer the citadels they once were, and they will never be rebuilt (compare Nahum 1:8–9 for a similar prophecy against Nineveh, and Malachi 1:3–5 for a similar prophecy against Edom). This tells us that God will defeat everyone who opposes His glorious, righteous purpose.


  1. Therefore strong peoples will honour you; cities of ruthless nations will revere you.


When the civilisations and their major cities all around the world fall into ruins, surviving nations cannot but receive some sense of destiny and/or divine purpose. It is inevitable that they begin to perceive that there is a Higher Power that has His finger on the earth’s pulse and is causing stuff to go in His direction. What they have seen in the huge worldwide destruction of other nations, cities, cultures and races, causes them to turn to God, as opposed to some that chose to flee from Him.  Many will actually acknowledge Yahweh in it all, and Christ as Lord – He who is the King of the Jews as well as the King over all Kings. These terrible and awful judgments in and around the earth, prepare the way for several resulting phenomenon:


  1. “Strong peoples” will repent and glorify God. I take this to mean that the strong in mind and heart, instead of sinking into depression and withdrawal at the sight of the terrible destruction of the judgements, will honour God for his righteousness and involvement in human life. These are gentile nations who are not totally devoid of spiritual perception. Faith in Yahweh saves. Justifying God as the perfect judge is healthy – only because it is fully and comprehensively acknowledging the truth. They will actually see the hand of God directing all things – and so they honour God.
  2. Still thinking of the resulting frame of mind in the surviving population after Isaiah 24, Isaiah sees cities of powerful, violent, and hostile nations repenting and fearing God. It won’t be all bad news when the great tribulation hits planet earth – as seen in Isaiah 24. Some shall indeed be saved and redeemed through it all.


Join “honour” and “reverence” together in an active response to God, and we have “worship.”


  1. You have been a refuge for the poor, a refuge for the needy in his distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat. For the breath of the ruthless is like a storm driving against a wall (5a.)  and like the heat of the desert.


254“You have been a refuge for the poor.” When oppressive powers are ruined and fall, the oppression that once tormented so many, torments no more. The oppressed people that were in terror are completely relieved. But Isaiah’s words go beyond the concept of relief from the negative oppression, and clearly indicate a move into a very positive refuge of the heart.


They will also praise God, recognizing that He has been, “a refuge for the needy in his distress,” and defence for those who were the disadvantaged in great suffering. Where they once seemed pressed from all sides, they now gave God the glory for the deliverance and liberation. God is always concerned about poor, needy, and helpless people. When God is active on behalf of the distressed, the newly discovered freedom and prosperity is a serious ground for praising God.


“A shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat.” Isaiah obviously foresees a time of the most dreadful storm of destruction, death and human restriction. What he sees is equivalent to a historical winter of man’s existence on the planet. Verse 4 obviously indicates a time of profoundly deep distress around the globe where billions will lose their lives, and a believing remnant will rejoice as they come out of it. In the midst of great loss, the remnant sees great gain. Those redeemed by faith in Christ need to perceive death as a seed time, and resurrection as the spring of their existence.


In what is, externally and contextually, a wintry preparation for eternity, may God help us to see the storm and tempest as the norm, as it was for the Saviour in His 33 years or so. In the days of His flesh the Father determined that storms of all kinds should blow at such an instant, from such an area, with such a potency, and with specific impacts. Never did it master Him who was tempted in all points such as we. The stormy wind, when responded to with simple unbending faith simply accomplishes His word and purpose. This has always been the truth and always will be. It may constantly be a winter of ups and downs in the world in which we live. But the heart of faith is a different context. The path of the righteous is an ever brightening day, until the consummation in His presence.


However, even though God’s goal in every storm, no matter how evil it may seem, is good for you, no storm is pleasant when experienced. Hence the need of a rock, a shade, a hiding place, a cave, a high tower, and a refuge for the woman or man of God. He is indeed a, “shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat.” See how often the word refers to Him as the Ultimate Refuge. Aggressively helpful thoughts and words sent to build faith for those who suffer social and moral wrongs are plentiful and rich throughout the scriptures. God is a Saviour to all that need Him and seek after Him.


255Read, mark, learn and inwardly digest the glorious truth that a refuge, by its very nature, is either outside the storm zone, or it is stronger than the storm, so that person of faith within the refuge misses every negative aspect of whatever the storm throws at them. The engrafted word of truth in the heart is a tower of salvation.


The evil and the angry may continue with their venomous rants, and the storms of life may be thick and wearisome, but because power has been ripped from their hands, they are nothing but a storm beating against a wall that halts all the activities and impact of their evil. How glorious are the saving principles of God’s word in the believing heart!


  1. You silence the uproar of foreigners. As heat is reduced by the shadow of a cloud, so the song of the ruthless is stilled.


Continueing the expressions of praise from those of faith, those that have missed the destruction sent by evil powers in the earth, they continue in their exultation of God their Saviour. God defeats and silences (Hebrew: takhni’a, “you humble, you subdue, you silence”) the proud war cries, the “uproar,” of foreign armies that oppose Him. They become as silent as the heat in a waterless desert. As heat is lessened by clouds, so “the song of the ruthless,” the violent, the tyrannical, “is stilled” by the LORD.


Once these monstrous masters of violence and hate shouted the odds and commanded the “lesser mortals” into bondage, torment and misery. But when God is finished with them silence prevails.


  1. On this mountain the LORD Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine—the best of meats and the finest of wines.


256The prophet now pans his camera like perspective to the earthly circumstances and scenario that will surround those who are making such praise in and of the character of God as seen in the first 5 verses of chapter 25. The judgment that Isaiah talks of throughout chapters 24-27 are actually future world events that will prepare the remnant people of faith (together with the resurrected folks of all previous time – although that is not stated here in this particular passage), for a feast that will take place after Christ returns to this earth – physically and literally.


It would seem that “all peoples” will have gathered in Zion in order to worship the Lord Christ. The New Testament takes up this statement developing it much more fully as in Matthew 8:11, Matthew 22:2-4, and Luke 14:15 onwards. At this time the curse on the planet will be removed. It will be a gift from Yahweh. It will be a great millennial banquet in Jerusalem, referred to here as, “On this mountain,” a synonym for Mount Zion. It will be prepared, “for all peoples,” that is, for the saved from every language, tribe, and nation (Revelation 7:9). All present are guests of the Lord.


This are further details of what is prepared for those who come to Yahweh (Isaiah 2:2–4). The “feast of rich food” (the Hebrew means “dishes made with olive oil”) represents high quality. The word often translated as “feast” is literally “a drinking,” though the phrase is utterly without any negative connotations in the Hebrew. “Aged wine,” or “wines on the lees” (AV), is one word in the Hebrew (shemarim), usually translated “lees” or “dregs” of wine. See Jeremiah 48:11–12 where Moab is compared to dregs, where the taste and the scent have not changed. This may indicate that the root meaning of shemarim (“things kept” or “things preserved”) is in mind. The “best of meats,” literally “rich food filled with marrow,” implies the best kind of nourishment. The “finest of wines” means they are filtered or refined.


So we have a clear motif from this and the previous chapter that after a period of utter devastation in most population centres of the globe, those that survived have a number of survivors who have turned to faith in the midst of the great and terrible tribulation. And in the ensueing resurrection gathering (this is my own extrapolation of eschatology, though not at all mentioned here by Isaiah) they are all invited to sit down for a banquet with the king of all kings.


257Yes indeed! God has reserved wonderful blessings for those who are faithful (Psalm. 22:26–29).


  1. On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations;


Here we have one of those lines of Isaiah that astound the thinker, or the person that loves to meditate on God’s word. These amazing words have theological implications in so many ways and in so many directions as to render the person of faith almost breathless.


This is Isaiah referring to the heart of the reason as to the state of the world as it is.


“On this mountain.” He talks of Zion. He talks of Jerusalem in general. Is it possible he is referring to Mount Calvary that was just outside the city walls, yet still situated as part of the mountain on which Jerusalem was built?


“He will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations.” What insight! What understanding! What a far reaching diagnostic statement of all that ails this world! What revelation from heaven! He that is the rock of those that believe while they pilgrimage through the land of faith, will complete a work that destroys the basic restricting power that smothers the whole of humanity.


But see how translators handle the sentence. While the CEV covers it with incredible brevity and, “Here the Lord will strip away the burial clothes that cover the nations.” The Amplified has it as “the veil [of death] that is woven and spread over all the nations.” The AMPC says, “the covering of the face that is cast over the heads of all peoples [in mourning], and the veil [of profound wretchedness] that is woven and spread over all nations.” The woven veil in a couple of translations refers to the term as a “sticky woven web,” that has been wrapping the whole of humanity.


258The “death shroud,” “veil,” “web,” or “covering,” that overshadows, or is woven over the peoples and nations refers to everything that keeps people from spiritual perception and seeing the glory of God. For those who come to faith in Christ, God will destroy that covering over their experiences of life, as He has in fact pierced the darkness and shredded the web over the whole planet. The covering is thick and coarse. It is spiritual profound blindness. The lack of human sensibility concerning the invisible world are the threads of the textile of this web. These threads are so closely woven that the very features of human nature are hidden. On this mountain God Himself destroys this covering.


In Isaiah 25:7 we have the status quo of all the evil all over the globe in all generations fathomed, understood and dealt with. It is the cobweb woven around our very existence by evil and its machinations. There is no true and proper response to its force and manipulation outside of the power and authority of Jesus Christ.


  1. He will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign LORD will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove the disgrace of his people from all the earth. The LORD has spoken.


There were many deaths caused by Assyria in Isaiah’s day, and many tears due to the Assyrians taking over two hundred thousand Hebrew captives and transplanting them to other lands. Throughout the centuries there were many more reasons for deaths and tears. But death and tears shall end, and the end of these things was won by Christ’s victory when He defeated and swallowed death itself. Indeed, Isaiah looks ahead to the fulfillment of God’s promise to, “swallow up death,” in victory. Ultimately there will be no more death, and God, as a loving Father, will “wipe away the tears from all faces” (see 1 Corinthians 15:54 and the book of Revelation 21:4). This will be possible because He will take away “the disgrace of His people.” It implies the work of Christ and the restoration that will come when He returns to establish His millennial kingdom.Top of Form



Christ is obviously set before us as the sole conqueror of death. “He will swallow up death forever,” it is said, and again in Hosea 13:14, “O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction,” whilst still more strikingly in 2 Timothy 1:10, we read, “But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel.”


The thought of an Old Testament prophet of God, hearing the Father’s voice sharing about how he will wipe away the tears off the faces of His people, and remove their shame, I personally find to be the gentlest and most devastating revelation of God’s heart and mind towards those elements of humanity that has leaned upon him.


  1. In that day they will say, “Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is the Yahweh, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.”


“In that day,” the Day of Yahweh’s restoration of the kingdom under the Davidic dynasty, everyone who has “trusted in Him” will have a wonderful testimony. This includes not just Israel who will return to Yahweh, but people from all nations, as referred to in verse 6. They will all rejoice in the salvation of God as per 1 Corinthians 1:7, 1 Thessalonians 1:9–10,  2 Timothy 4:8, and Titus 2:13.


  1. The hand of Yahweh will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled under him as straw is trampled down in the manure.


“The hand of Yahweh” means the power of the LORD. In Ezekiel, it is often synonymous to “the Spirit of the LORD.” The Spirit “will rest,” that is, He will settle down to stay. God’s people will never have to worry or be afraid ever again.


Moab often caused misfortune and suffering for Judah and Jerusalem (2 Kings 13:20), and here, Moab is representative of all God’s enemies. In contrast to Zion, Moab will be “trampled under him as straw is trampled down in the manure,” that is, as something worthless and unwanted. The allusion here to Moab, echoes Isaiah’s visionary sentence on the evil, arrogant, adulterous people of Moab in chapters 15 and 16.


  1. They will spread out their hands in it, as a swimmer spreads out his hands to swim. God will bring down their pride despite the cleverness of their hands.


259The analogy to bathing in manure postulates that Moab, which is plainly a nation representative of the sinful world and the enemies of God’s people, will try to save itself. Its efforts, however, will be fruitless. They cannot get rid of their sin and guilt by swimming in manure, that is, by continuing their sinful practices. Their pride will be brought down, and “the cleverness of their hands,” and the wealth gained by human skills, will not save them.


  1. He will bring down your high fortified walls and lay them low; he will bring them down to the ground, to the very dust.


Utter decimation of Moab is suggested by three separate verbs: “Trampled down,” in verse 10. “Bring down,” in verse 11, and, “lay them down,” here in verse 12. God will bring down and demolish the fortresses Moab trusted in. It is postulated by some scholars that Moab sided with Assyria in Isaiah’s day and may have been used by Assyria against Judah. In the future judgment God will “bring down” all the defences Moab puts up against Him. As I plough through these verses, I am continually seeing a relevance and a particular view of what was happening in in Isaiah’s day, as well as in the future that was far ahead of Isaiah’s times, and is still in the future of twenty-first century man.


143. Yet another Rear Window Glance on Isaiah’s Plot Line and Story Guide so far.

Isaiah 1

Isaiah 1

In our long haul through Isaiah, every so often we have been stopping to examine the pathway and route of the prophet’s thoughts. It’s like an aerial view of the whole so far. I think we need to do this every time we discern a change of direction in the text of Isaiah’s writings. A kind of, “What has he just said? And where is he going now?”


Part of my rationale for this is on the grounds of reading so many commentaries, articles and volumes on Isaiah’s 66 chapters by “scholars” who are convinced that the whole book is a random collection of writings, and that it is not always written by the “original” Isaiah. Some think there were two Isaiah’s, others think there were several. This writer, however, is convinced that the very theory (and that is all it is) is unfounded and fictional. I contend that there is only one Isaiah who wrote the entire book that bears his name. To my mind there is a perfectly logical sequence of thought and message in the order of those 66.

Isaiah 2 Swords to Plowshares

Isaiah 2 “when swords are turned into plough shares”

We have ploughed through the first 24 chapters and are about to plummet the depths of chapter 25. Chapter 24 is shocking in its statements of some undefined spot on the world’s future timeline. It is dark, dismal and fearful to the faithless. The future, however, cannot be so described without an explanation as to the wonderful news that stops chapter 24 from being endlessly dark. Chapter 25 is as glorious and blindingly bright as Isaiah 24 is dark and depressingly dismal. Isaiah 24 through to the end of chapter 27, is a serious pivot in the prophet’s seismic Richter scale of insights and visions. Yet, without doubt, no matter how many, so called “higher critics,” hasten to point out signs of “discrepancy,” and “mix-up” in the sequential thoughts of the book, I beg to differ from the lot of them. Allow me to explain what I mean.


We start in Isaiah’s volume when the entire Hebrew people were still present in the Land, yet dwelling as two separate nations. It needs to be understood that there were serious national emergencies throughout the whole of the Hebrew tribes, and these watershed circumstances precipitated God raising up this marvellous cluster of prophets to guide the populace throughout the huge crises of spiritual identity, in order to bring the two nations into alignment with Yahweh’s purposes. Alas, they would not listen.

Isaiah 3

Isaiah 3


Nobody could reasonably or intelligently, in any way consider this ancient epoch and era of events that we are engaging with, without an intellectual and spiritual assessment of the seriously mammoth “starring role” that Isaiah played, along with his colleagues and friends in the “prophetic gifting and calling.”

This group of men ceaselessly and self-effacingly addressed themselves to the nationwide, spiritual, calamitous, upheaval that was driving both nation states towards a dreadful judgement and a shocking death. Just as western society today is being openly plunged into a dark freefall of purposelessness, so, in Isaiah’s day, the tiny nation of Israel, and the even smaller nation state of Judah were on an identical cliff edge of collapse and closure. In a nutshell, the Hebrew people needed to repent and have faith in God because their end was nigh! And the northern kingdom, in particular, had no idea how “nigh” their end was.

Isaiah 4 1 - 7 women

Isaiah 4:1-7. Seven women and one man. Read the chapter for the full story.

Isaiah and his contemporaries not only made a major contribution to the development of an understanding of what was God’s purpose during these years, but our twenty-first century knowledge of the historical scenario of these days is greatly enlarged by what we know and read of these Old Testament writing prophets. If we merely searched the Bible for its history, the prophets are of greater historical significance than any of the kings who ruled in their times. As contemporaries, Isaiah and Micah were huge in their influence.


Both Isaiah and Micah began to prophesy and preach as the shadow of the iron fist of Assyria fell over the Hebrew lands. This dark cloud put the accelerator on the decline of Judah, as the northern state tottered, stumbled and finally collapsed prostrate to its exilic grave.  Isaiah and Micah together lived on through the tragic years that followed the disappearance of the ten northerly tribes. Isaiah continued his priceless input, throughout the entire period until, extra biblical accounts tell us, King Manasseh sawed him in half whilst he was hiding in a tree.

Isaiah 5 vineyard-parable

Isaiah 5


But, how do we define these crises? How are we to outline their parameters and describe their nature? By describing what they were, we will see the character and stature of Isaiah and the other prophets, as they engaged with both God and the people in a spiritual combat that cost all their prophets their life. They each died in an attempt to save their nation from the darkness of their future, both in this life and the next. After all, one of the finest definitions of a prophet is that he is the divinely appointed interface between the seen and the unseen worlds.

It was not merely the external physical menace of Assyrian aggression, as suggested above, but a spiritual emergency coincident with and attendant upon the Assyrian fear creating fighting machine that threatened the national character and the Yahwistic religious practice with Judah. This was foundational to Hebrew existence. All the surrounding nations lived in deep and restless fear of Assyria and its modus operandi in seeking to conquer the entire Middle East – even though no Assyrian ruler ever had the ability to construct a governmental infrastructure to make that nightmare, “dream,” a sustainable reality.

Beyond fear of Assyria, and within the heart of the people, was a spiritual darkness, ever increasing and constantly in the process of being suffocatingly smothered over the minds of the population of Judah. This brought with it all the ramifications and corollaries of an infesting demonic culture, similar to those that they were first commissioned to annihilate in the days of Moses and Joshua.

isaiah 6

Isaiah 6

When I use this kind of phraseology, I feel I am in danger of over blaming the devil and the darkness, as well as the Assyrians that all brought Judah to this crisis. If the chosen people were simply innocent victims of a demonic onslaught. There would be no culpability on their part. However, the darkness that fell upon Judah (and Israel) was something the people literally invited, and thereafter warmly embraced. Indeed, if the people of Judah were innocent victims of this darkness, none of the prophets would have been required to correct them – for there would have been nothing to correct.  But life – and people – are never as simplistic or as passive as that perspective would suggest.


We have, earlier, in the very first chapter of Isaiah, discussed the socioeconomic ills for which the official Levitical sacrificial Temple religion had proved itself as possessing no effective rebuke or response. It was a lifeless set of faithless religious observances. This continued religious observance, without even the slightest spiritual reality was a major root of many social ills. These were ills which were only aggravated – as opposed to being created – by the Assyrian exactions, that is, their excessive and unjust demands, and also of their spiritually syncretic tendencies that were always endemic since Israel made their home in Canaan. This idolatrous and shamefully immoral mix of the divine and the demonic, which ran wild in the lax days of Ahaz’s recognition of the Assyrian gods, and seems to have peaked in the days of Manasseh, was indeed its darkest manifestation.

Isaiah 7

Isaiah 7

These sustained trends, at this particular point of time, indicated a certain ever weakening feebleness in the nation’s fundamental structure, and were certainly not calculated to assist the nation in its struggle for continued existence. Metaphorically speaking, it was a severe attack of satanic woodworm in the timbers of Judah’s society, religion, and political policy – like an acidic dissolution of moral fibre in all stratas of Jewish life. It was only a matter of time before the total collapse. It was a dark and socially painful decline that was deliberately and wilfully “self-inflicted” at its roots. The destructive fire of Assyrian armies and idolatrous worship may have come from external forces, however Judah had drenched the ground of their nation’s infrastructure themselves with the inflammable fuel of rejection of Yahweh. The conflagration that was to follow was to cause Judah to disappear off the face of the map in exactly the same manner as had, the northern kingdom. As The Northern State fell in 722 BC, Judah had only 135 years to wait for its own eradication.

In short, with the developing dissolution of familial, inherited, collective community patterns, the Mosaic Covenant, with its severe ascetic pious, ethical and societal requirements which had been the original basis of Israelite society, had been largely neglected and forgotten by the majority of Judah’s citizens, to whom Yahweh had become merely a symbolic “national guardian,” whose function it was, in return for meticulous religious cultic observance, to give the nation protection and blessing (Isaiah 1:10-20). In short, they perceived of the Almighty God of Sinai as a mere, insipid “Sugar Daddy,” whose sole purpose of existence was to keep Judah safe no matter what they got up to or where their heart was. It was a weak and effeminate lifestyle under a weak and effeminate image of a god. The populace hardly had a true grasp of life, never mind a firm grasp on God. The true nature of Yahweh was lost and buried – apart from the prophets.

Isaiah 8

Isaiah 8


This, however, was not the whole of it. While reading through Isaiah, it reads as if Judah was theologically embedded at this time, not in the ancient Mosaic covenant at all, but in Yahweh’s eternal covenant with David. So much of Isaiah is concerning the reign of the Davidic line, culminating in Messiah. This covenant, promised by God in 2 Samuel 7, had, in the national mind, largely superseded that of the original Sinaiatic covenant. It was obviously believed and affirmed by their religious practices and language, that Yahweh had chosen Zion as his dwelling, and promised to David an eternal dynasty, and also that each successive Davidic king, as Yahweh’s anointed “son” (Psalm 2:7), would be protected from his foes. The dynasty then would, ultimately gain a domain even greater than David had in his lifetime, with the kings of the earth fawning at its feet (Psalm 2:10. Psalm 72:8-11. ). Judah’s existence, in brief, did not rest in obedient response to the gracious acts of Yahweh in the past, with all its promises and corrective commands come down from Sinai, but in His unconditional promises of the future to David. The Davidic covenant was (and still is, of course) a totally eschatological expectation, that simply needs believing and waiting for. On top of that, it is easier to get excited and to build one’s life on a far flung future glory, than to spend one’s life struggling to match one’s conduct against Moses’ hundreds of laws.

This covenantal promise to David is remarkably profound, and somewhat neglected even by most Christian bible readers. It was in David’s fullest understanding of the promise made in 2 Samuel 7, when he wrote what was probably his last Psalm – the one we know as Psalm 72. It is beyond question David’s last prayer for the son whom he had just set upon his own throne before he died.


It seems absolutely transparent that the poet-seer, son of Jesse, with God’s promise in mind (2 Samuel 7), looks beyond the young Solomon to the fulfilment in a yet greater son, that is, Messiah, the king of all kings, the Lord Jesus Christ. This is so self-evident, one needs assistance to misunderstand it. It is this, exactly, that caused the people of Isaiah’s day to have a solid conviction of the future despite their godless lifestyle. Those that had even a tinge of faith, believed it. The majority of the population held this promise more as a legendary tale more than the solid promise that it truly was – and still is. Messiah will one day reign and the theocracy will be fully restored to Israel. The throne of David was in Jerusalem on planet earth, not in heaven. As it was, so shall it be.

Isaiah 9The official Temple sacrificial system was the servant of the nationally acknowledged belief system and paradigm. Its business was, by sacrifice and offering and by ritual affirmation of the Mosaic instructions, to assure the well-being of the nation. A certain internal “paganisation,” however, was inevitable, all the while nothing but a normative Yahwehism was merely externally maintained without any internal reality. Thus, the state religion corroded and became like all pagan religions, morally and spiritually corrupt. It could only ceremonially be an insipid and diluted spiritual support and defence of the existing order. It might conceivably, on rare occasions facilitate a priest to criticise an individual king, but it could not fundamentally confront the state or believe that the state could fall. Inevitably, as Micah and Isaiah show, the Levitical routine tended to offer little, if any, critique of idolatry at all.

The events of the late eighth century BC fell on Judah’s dead religious practices with all the force of a sledgehammer on an egg. With the very existence of state and dynasty being challenged, the national ideology was fundamentally called into question and was perilously rocking on a moral and spiritual cliff edge.

Isaiah.3As unbelief assayed the scenario, could it really rely on the promises to David? After all, if Assyria could treat the nation with contempt, and if Assyrian gods could be moved into Yahweh’s temple by the reigning member of the Davidic dynasty, what was to be said of Yahweh’s power to fulfill his promises? Judah’s response was twofold and utterly contradictory.

First, there was a blind and fanatical confidence in history and Yahweh’s protection.

Secondly, there was a cowardly deep unfaith, unbelief – better described as active paganism in the heart of the general public. Both were equally damning and destructive.

There were those who were quite sure that Yahweh would make good his promises to Judah no matter what folly she committed. They were foolishly arrogant with the mantra of, “We are the chosen people, and therefore Yahweh will not let us fall, no matter how bad we are.” These silly people must have simply chosen to erase the Northern kingdom from their memory, unless they believed that there were other reasons apart from their rejection of Yahweh and His word that led to their annihilation. No! No! No! This idiocy held by the foolish, was simply factoring out the truths that drove the northern Hebrew nation into headlong self-eradication. And there were others who, like King Ahaz, because they chose not to believe in the national constitutional ideology built on the word of God (like Isaiah 7:1-17), could see no way of saving Judah, except to make her a willing grovelling foot-licking vassal of Assyria.

Isaiah 13After submission to Assyria had brought Judah only misery, and after rebellion from Assyria had proved entirely futile, and even after wholesale, disillusionment with the national religion and its promises had set in and did not suggest any sound future, bringing an even more saddened and depressed expectation of existence, added altogether with the abandonment of even the pretext of Yahwehism – The prophets were a wonderful infusion of fresh air in the midst of the fetid toxic gas of unbelief and selfishness that pervaded the idolatrous atmosphere of Jerusalem and Judah.

The danger of this national widespread evil paradigm was acute, as events of the reign of Manasseh, to which we shall later highlight, indicate. That Judah did not collapse and fall at that moment of history must irrefutably be credited, humanly speaking, in no small degree to Yahweh, via His prophets – especially Isaiah – and to those willing to hear him. Isaiah was a giant character, and a clear voice in the midst of the fog of the opinions of the masses.

Isaiah 14Judging by the ease with which he approached successive kings (Isaiah 7. Isaiah 36. Isaiah 39), it seems that he must have been of a good, high and conceivably, even an aristocratic family, if not a member of the court itself. Yet, it was his lot through most of his life to stand in opposition to the policies of various kings and their courts and to fearlessly rebuke what was happening in no uncertain terms.

With uncompromising godly rage Isaiah assailed the scheming and devious upper class and the debauched judges who had conspired to rob the destitute of their rights (e.g. Isaiah 1:21-23. 3:13-15. 5:8. 5:24. 10:1-4.). The debauched aristocracy, licentiously cossetted, concerned only for material properties and wishes (e.g. Isaiah 3:16-4:1. 5:11.), sociable to foreign idolatrous ways and without moral standards or faith in God (Isaiah 5:18-21), seemed to Isaiah to be infinitely deserving of the divine wrath with which he was ordered to deliver.  Isaiah knew from the beginning, as stated in Isaiah 6:9,  that he was speaking to a people that were wilfully incapable of correction. Likening the nation to a well-tended vineyard which ought to have produced good grapes but did not (Isaiah 5:1-7), he declared that Judah, because of her failure to respond to Yahweh’s grace in righteous behaviour, would be turned over, like such a useless vineyard would have been, to the thorns and briars. Isaiah was introducing thoughts of exile, exactly as per the northern kingdom, into the warp and woof of Judah’s future.

Like Amos, Isaiah received a clear vision that revealed the day of Yahweh to come as a day of horrific judgement (2:6-21. Isaiah 24 the whole chapter). Isaiah also viewed the Assyrian as the instrument of the immediate judgement (5:26-29), just as he had further predicted that there would be a later pall of judgement from the Babylonians.

Isaiah17v1Isaiah saw the nation crumbling from within (3:1-12), plunged into ruin (6:11 on), reduced to a tiny remnant (10:22 on), and declared that even that small remnant would be plunged anew into the fires of catastrophe (Isaiah 6:15).


Isaiah’s first clash with the national policy came during the crisis of 735-733 when the Aramean-Israelite coalition moved on Jerusalem to compel Judah’s co-operation against Assyria. This was when Ahaz reigned in Jerusalem. By this time, Isaiah had a son to whom he had given the ominous name of “Shear-Jashub” meaning, “Only a remnant will return.”  The name is capable of a hopeful connotation (“A remnant will return. Isn’t that good!”), and this is developed in Isaiah’s thought (Isaiah 16:26). But here it seems to embody a warning to Ahaz, as in, “Only a remnant will return! Isn’t that shocking! (Isaiah 16:22) and so the ominous connotation to the name is probably the original point made.

Knowing that Ahaz was thinking to propose an appeal to Assyria for help, Isaiah accompanied by his son, confronted the king (Isaiah 7:1-9), and, assuring him that the northern confederation would never be allowed to carry out their purpose, urged him not to have any dealings whatsoever with Assyria, but to trust in Yahweh’s promises. While Ahaz wavered, Isaiah (Isaiah 7:10-17) offered a sign from Yahweh in order to prove that what he had said to Ahaz was true. When the faithless ungodly king refused this offer with pious cant, Isaiah in hot anger gave the famous sign of Immanuel. The birth of this child, presumably to the royal household, would signify that Yahweh’s promises were sure, but, since Ahaz had not believed it, it would also be a sign to the awful calamity that his cowardice would invite into the nation’s life and culture. Recurrently reprimanding the royal rule and dogma, and graphically depicting the dire consequences (e.g. 7:18-25. 8:3-8a), Isaiah summoned all who would listen to take a stand in opposition (8:11-15).

Isaiah 18

Isaiah 18

But Ahaz did not believe. Instead he volitionally sent cart loads of tribute to Tiglath-Pileser and surrendered his independence, and the security of his nation for the next, a subservience to Assyria that would continue for the following half century or so. He even had Assyrian religious accoutrements installed in Solomon’s temple and the Solomonic altars and lavers moved to the far corners of the temple grounds.  Isaiah, his advice scoffed at by the king, handed over to his disciples a record of what he had said as a witness for the future (Isaiah 8:16-18) and withdrew from addressing Ahaz, the king, any further.


I have always found it astonishing how Isaiah explained over and over again that what had happened to the northern kingdom of Israel was certainly bound to happen to Judah in the long run. Surely, one did not need to be a university professor or a Doctor of Divinity to see that particular projection as self-evidently certain. After all the predictions of doom and exile made by the prophets, speaking to both the northern and the southern kingdoms, together with the absolute disappearance of Israel in 722 BC,  it must have been a mental graphic of awful proportions for the remaining southerners. How on earth could they not conclude that what had happened to the ten northern tribes would indeed happen to them if they did not change?

The overall cataclysm of the emergency stemmed, in part, from the exact same internal sickness and practical dynamics that destroyed the kingdom of the ten tribes – and, shockingly, was even more visibly present in Judah. It was a simple observation to make. “The north has disappeared Judah! Their response to Yahweh and their reception of idolatry was the same as yours. You are next on the list for the same treatment as they!”

But, as the old English proverb says: “There is none so blind as they that WILL NOT see.”  “After all,” they would answer, “We have the Davidic king! We have the Temple and the Ark! How on earth could we go the same way that the northern kingdom went?” And so, Judah’s decline continued.


Isaiah 19ISAIAH 9 -12

Isaiah did not, for all this, surrender hope. His doctrine, understanding and grasp of God was far too vast for him to suppose that the nation’s dereliction could frustrate or interfere with the divine purpose and cancel the promises. In spite of his conviction that Ahaz had betrayed his high office, perhaps because of it, Isaiah treasured the dynastic ideal as this had been perpetuated within the belief system of Judah, as in Psalm 72. He himself gave classic expression to the expectation of a scion of David’s line who would completely fulfil that ideal (Isaiah 9:2-7. 11:1-9) exhibiting the charismatic gifts, supposed by some, to have been secretly reposing within each generation of the dynasty (Chapter 11:2) establishing justice – as Ahaz so notably had not – and bringing the national humiliation forever to an end. Isaiah was convinced that Yahweh was in control of events and that His purpose to set up His kingly rule of peace over the nation was sure (Isaiah 2:2:2-4.11:6-9).


Isaiah 21 Shipwreck in the desert

Isaiah 21…..Shipwreck in the desert

He therefore viewed the present tragedy and crisis as a part of that purpose – a discipline, a purge, by which Yahweh would remove the dross of the national character, leaving a chastened and purified people (Isaiah 1:24-26. 4:2-6).  The ominous note in the name of his son Shear-Jashub began to give way to a hopeful interpretation (Isaiah 10:20 onwards). Perhaps only a remnant, but still, a remnant will return i.e. repent. Though repeatedly disappointed, Isaiah never surrendered the hope that the tragedy would purify Judah and produce that righteous remnant (Isaiah 37:30-32). Theologically, this aspect of Isaiah’s personal expectation is world-changing.

After his rebuff in the 735-733 crisis, Isaiah apparently made no attempt to influence the national policy as long as Ahaz reigned. We have no record that Isaiah ever spoke to Ahaz again after the Isaiah 7 confrontation.

ISAIAH 13 – 23

A close-up of a key moving towards the key hole.

Isaiah 22:22 The keys to the house of David

We next meet him after Hezekiah had taken the throne when (714-711) Judah was asked to join a revolt against Assyria led by Ashdod and supported by Egypt. As we have seen, ambassadors of the Ethiopian twenty-fifth dynasty (Isaiah 18) and probably of the Philistines (14:28-32) waited on Hezekiah, to enlist his cooperation. Isaiah (he who had opposed submission to Assyria) opposed the scheme emphatically. His position was that Yahweh had founded Zion and was its overseer and guide.

And so, we have from Isaiah 13 through to 23 the word of God concerning the future and destiny of all the surrounding nations that were local to Judah. Isaiah’s prophetic vision ever expanding. All these races and nation states were at Isaiah’s time occupying land that God had promised to Abraham, apart from Ethiopia and Egypt, of course. They were included because of anti-Assyrian plots that Egypt made with Philistia, Edom and Ammon. At that point of time the 25th dynasty which was an Ethiopian dynasty was ruling Egypt. We suspect they tried to enrol Judah in their plot as Isaiah sees them and tells them to go home in chapter 18.   This large plain of prophetic words, spoken concerning a huge plain of nation states is an amazing series of divinely inspired understanding of where the world was going in Isaiah’s day. The prophet starts with Babylon and their role in Judah’s judgement in this world, as well as their own demise (13:1 -14:23). Then in three short verses Assyria’s demise (14:24-27). The words concerning Philistia (what we would refer to as Gaza) (Isaiah 14:28-32), Moab (Isaiah15 -16), Damascus, to be razed to the ground – still unfulfilled really (Isaiah 17), Ethiopia (Isaiah 18), Egypt (Isaiah 19-20), followed by a return to thoughts of Babylon (Isaiah 21:1-10), followed by Edom (Isaiah 21:11-12), Arabia (Isaiah 21:13-17), Jerusalem itself (Isaiah 22), and finally, the fall of Tyre (Isaiah 23).


Isaiah 26The lifting of his eyes from Judah to all its surrounding neighbours, and God’s planned activities towards them, logically and plainly leads to a statement concerning the entire world.


ISAIAH 24-27

So we started with chapter 24 and the distressing scenes of tribulation, death, loss, famin and poverty that will sweep the earth, concluded by the next three chapters.


Again, I add, the sequential thought and direction of the whole, thus far seems perfectly logical and straightforward.  We move on to Isaiah 25.



Table Set with Selection of Starters --- Image by © P.Hussenot/photocuisine/Corbis

Isaiah 25— Image by © P.Hussenot/photocuisine/Corbis

142. The Death and Resurrection of Planet Earth.

Isaiah 24:14–23


2420I love to read and meditate on all the Old Testament prophets, both major and minor. Accept it or not, I love the bits I do not understand as much as those sections I believe I do have a smuttering of insight about. I read the mysterious sections just as much as the easier parts of scripture. I, perhaps, do not see everything as clearly in the first Testament as I see issues as explained in the later volume – I’m not sure about that one.


My spiritual eyesight, and whatever there is of a spiritual mind within myself, grasps the New Testament prophets much clearer than I grasp Isaiah, Ezekiel and Daniel, but I read them often and thoughtfully nevertheless. Whether my readers think I am sharp or rather dull, what I hold and carry is the honest fruit of digging in the gold mine of scripture addum infinitum since my conversion back in 1968. Laugh at my perspectives and seemingly extreme presuppositions if you wish, but when I started reading this material I had no presuppositions at all. I plodded, and read, and thought and prayed and discussed and argued, and kept on reading. There were times when I debated against other perspectives before I would surrender to what others said, and there were times also when I refused to submit to anybody but my own voice. I have always sought to be teachable. My serious conviction is that the writing prophets have secrets of unfathomable depth that are absolutely and intensely relevant to New Testament believers and the New Testament faith. In fact, I would like to start a world revolution with a, “Read the Prophets,” mission. Oh to get to grips with these fellows. Oh that I could see what they saw and stand where they stood, and experience their vision of God Himself.


I know those last couple of chapters of Daniel are heavy on the senses, so much so that one feels like one is walking up to one’s waste in a thick mixture of quick drying cement – cement that has usually dried hard before one has finished reading through the battles and the attacks and the different kings and armies that those last pages of Daniel are full of, but it needs to be read and read, until the day comes when the Holy Spirit pierces our hard cased crusty and worldly thinking processes, to allow us to perceive what the scripture is saying to us. Then the quick drying dusty cement of scripture is transformed into fresh running water. I have a similar experience, wading through thick mud, when ploughing through the measurement details of Ezekiel’s temple, and Jeremiah’s gut wrenching laments. But the mountainous concepts they deal with are cosmic in their ramifications. “There’s gold in tham thare hills! Aha!” It is the call of God, I believe, that all Christians should be tirelessly mining in the Old Testament Hebrew prophets.


2414Another reason why we do not read them, even cursorily, is because we get confused and bored not knowing what some chapters are about at all. The fact that the food is not cooked, prepared and served up on a plate, deters us from negotiating their statements. It is part of the mentality of the, “instant,” generation, I believe. Coffee, food, computers and TV lead us to desire instant understanding and instant spiritual attainment in Christ. We need to wake up on that one and be real. There is simply no such things as a “Big Micah with extra cheese,” or a, “Chicken Haggai with extra Mayo,” or “Nahum flavoured French Fries.” With all this stuff, one has to expose oneself to the seed of the word, plant it, water it, harvest it, wash it, cut it, cook it and put it on your own plate before you can savour its life giving Manna that will feed you forever. To say, “It’s worth it,” is such an understatement it devalues heaven itself.


Sometimes we don’t read the prophets because we don’t even properly understand what prophecy is. There is a plethora of reasons why we do not get to even introduce ourselves to Isaiah. Modern translations do, occasionally, help the reader that wants to get to grips with them. There are tons of books out there that feed us with simple historical outlines to the context of these incredible men and their place in the chronology of this time space world. Did you know that the most commonly asked for version of an English Bible by readers who speak Hebrew as their first language is the King James Version? Just saying – as a by the way!.


2406We are in the twenty-first century. We are in the age of motivation and positive thinking. We live in days where the pillars of the gospel are being moved or dismantled simply because they are uncomfortable and/or they are said to be, “old school.” We are in a generation where church leaders are joining with a certain ex Archbishop of Canterbury who, because he “did not know” what to say to people dying in pain in their last hours (his words not mine) now supports assisted euthanasia. These are times when yet another, “high profile,” minister of the gospel who, because he has never felt comfortable at the biblical statements concerning homosexuality being a lifestyle that brings God’s condemnation, has denied those passages of scripture as so much, “out of date,” untruth. We are living in a spiritual climate where other ministers who once ran well and gained huge followings for their truthful declaration of scripture, are now saying how uncomfortable they have felt over the years, preaching, teaching or even discussing the subject of “hell. From this slippery incline, the curse of universalism once again raises its evil head from within the church of Jesus Christ. We are in the place where the potential of what we have in Christ is rightly majored on, yet, is commonly taught at the expense of the full story. Jesus died to save us from hell, and to give us all things that pertain to life and godliness. We are taught in the scripture to flee from the wrath to come.


If you are wondering, or asking yourself why this writer is starting with such heavy words today, let my readers understand that we have been sharing on Isaiah chapters 24 through to 27. In our, “long haul trawl,” through the divinely infused and enthused works of Isaiah, to maintain integrity and truth, it is necessary to fully and to our satisfaction, give an explanation of these four chapters and how they are part of the present truth of the gospel of Jesus Christ.


These chapters are words of heavy judgements and annihilations of people, states and the planet in general, as well as incredibly in depth remarks about the sacred truth that we as Christians cling to. This is serious. This section of Isaiah’s writings needs to be placed in a time-line of biblical history, or eschatology as it stands, and buried deep in the psyche of faith. It is cowardice in the face of the devil himself to assert and declare how we trust in scripture from cover to cover, and then reduce our voice to a pathetic whisper with more coughing and spluttering that in a TV advert for cough medicine, when we get to stuff like this.


Some of my readers may prefer to read the four chapters I am talking about before we go any further.


These are words of worldwide desolation. There is judgement on man for sin, and the clear dulcet tones of the prophet explaining the very destruction of the planet. There are obviously untold masses of humanity lying dead on the streets in the midst of this horrible visionary movie depicted plainly and unbearably in these lines. Isaiah must have been ill after what he saw in his 24th chapter.


2408However! There is the other side. Yes! As well as the doom and gloom, there is huge joy and victory highlighted also. But there is so much said by Christian academics and commentators who tell us that when Isaiah talks of “the earth” he is not necessarily referring to the planet, but simply the earth of places he has hitherto mentioned. Some explain how the revelation Isaiah gives here cannot mean the whole planet, no matter how many times he refers to “the world” for the simple reason Isaiah did not know how big the full size of the world is. They use a logic that suggests that Isaiah meant, “His world,” i.e. Isaiah’s own known world, as opposed to, “The world.” To dilute such text should be made a criminal offence.


What are we to make of this?


Having ploughed through the dark plume of black smoke with its aroma of last and final judgement within the lines of Isaiah 24:1-13, we move on with a distinctly different tone from verse 14 onwards, for a moment.

14. These people shall lift up their voice, and shout for joy. They shall exult and sing aloud concerning the majesty of Yahweh from the Sea (The Mediterranean – and therefore the West).


“These people!” Which people? Ah yes! There shall be a remnant among the survivors. By their faith and persistence they shall be preserved from the general ruin around the planet, though still living in the midst of it. For that reason it shall be a visibly devout and pious remnant. They shall shine in sharp contrast to the lack of joy, and abundance of suffering among those in anguish in the midst of the apocalyptic greyness, misery and depression. They will have great weight of conviction and the anointing to worship in the midst of survivors filled with unbelief, skepticism and hopelessness. Both worldviews and mindsets will live in the full tide of God’s judgment.


And this, seemingly tiny, godly remnant will shout and sing about Yahweh’s majesty. How strange that while randomly living nomadic lifestyles, at the very furthest point of remoteness, they shout joyously, “from the west” – “Miyyam,” translated, “West,” is quite literally, “from the sea.” The Mediterranean Sea was, of course, “The west,” to Isaiah’s perception of things.


Revelation 18:20 states while referring to the fall of Babylon the great city; “Rejoice over her, you heavens! Rejoice, you people of God! Rejoice, apostles and prophets! For God has judged her with the judgment she imposed on you.” These remnant few are dispersed; like the gleanings of the olive tree, hid under the leaves in the furthest corners of the orchard.


When the parties and the singing of the carnal world ceases, the joy of the saints is as lively as ever, because His promises stand sure, and the foundations of their hope, never fails. Those who rejoice in the Lord can rejoice in tribulation – even this Great Tribulation that Isaiah is here talking about.


Any other conceivable interpretation of these lines suggesting that the devastation of Isaiah 24 is referring to Sargon or Sennacharib of Assyria seem ridiculous, irrelevant and trivial when the obvious face value of the whole section talks of something so final and so global. Isaiah is clearly seeing the end of the world as we know it. I cannot doubt that.

15. Therefore in the light of the fires give glory to Yahweh. Exalt the name of Yahweh, the Elohe of Israel, in the coastlands of the (Mediterranean) sea.


2402The shouts of joy erupting from the redeemed remnant, come, either from the west, or from the light of the burning smoldering world of fallen civilisation. Possibly from both sources. The scenario and vision causes Isaiah to call for people to respond, “In the east,” by glorifying Yahweh’s name in isles and coastlands, and in all parts of the inhabited earth. All humankind needs to praise and glorify the one true God, the God of Israel. The prophet encourages the praises  of God even in the midst of the darkest and meanest darkness.

16. From the ends of the earth we have heard songs: Even: “Glory to the Righteous (One).” But I said, “I waste and pine away. Woe is me! The treacherous betray treacherously! With deep treachery the treacherous betray!”


From “the ends, or the wings of the earth,” that is, from its outermost parts, the prophet hears music. From such distant realms the song of the redeemed remnant reaches his ears, no matter how faintly. It would seem that the surviving righteous remnant from the real time of the first thirteen verse are living in a uniquely distant place on the planet. Is it they that the song’s lyrics refer to, i.e. “The Righteous?” Or is it a song of “Glory to the Righteous One,” that is, to God who has revealed His righteousness both in judgment and in forgiveness and restoration. The latter, of course, would better suit our spiritual taste buds. The same term is used of the Suffering Servant in 53:11 (NASB). Christ is there referred to as, the “righteous (One), My Servant.” Isaiah exults in the songs of exaltation of God, but still feels something that is low and painful in his gut.


This breathtaking supernatural vision of the future does not cause Isaiah to rejoice. He knows enough to be aware that judgment must come before restoration and millennial joys as he had seen in those opening verses of chapter 11. However, he is shocked by what he sees coming further down the timeline. He will have seen the desolation caused by Sennacharib as he swept across Judah desolating “46 cities.” That would have broken the heart of any witness and reduced them to tears. But this catastrophe is clearly worldwide. The prophets were not compassionless pronouncers of doom. They were heartbroken and wearisome visionaries who saw what sin had wrought in the world and in people’s hearts, yet were compelled by the Spirit of God to accurately portray the divinely given scenes of horror they experienced as they ogled and stared at the forthcoming terrors. “I waste away,” and, “Woe to me!” are expressions of Isaiah’s deepest emotions and feelings. He finds it difficult to inwardly cope with the scope of the judgement required to cleanse and renew the cosmos.


Even though he foresaw and heard the future shouts of joy from the redeemed, the sins of the people and the terrible curse and judgment on the earth and its inhabitants were breaking his heart. Betrayal and treachery are indeed deserving of judgment. Nevertheless, the thought of judgment makes Isaiah feel his heart tearing and rending, bringing him intense sorrow. (Compare his reactions in Isaiah 6:5 and 22:4.)

17. Terror and the pit and the snare await you, O inhabitant of the earth.


To partly anglicize the Hebrew words in order to portray Isaiah’s alliteration, the verse reads:  “Pachad, pachat and pach await you, O inhabitant of the earth.”  It is not by accident that the results of sin will catch up with them.  These weren’t moments of, “Whoops! What an accident!” This was Yahweh’s own hand being the initial and primary cause of the judgement. No accidents or randomness here, at all.

18. And it shall come to pass that whoever flees at the sound of terror will fall into the pit; and whoever climbs out of the midst of the pit will be caught in the snare. For the windows of the heavens are opened, and they shake the foundations of the earth.


2422There will be no escape from God’s judgment, apart from the redeemed. Amos 5:18–19 also depicts similar attempts at evasion that only go from bad to worse. Amos saw people attempting escape, yet bouncing from one catastrophe to another. Isaiah concludes this thought by describing “the windows of the heavens” being opened, and the “foundations of the earth” shaking because of the opened windows. This reminds us of what happened in Noah’s flood (Gen. 7:11; 8:2), as well as in the great earthquake of Uzziah’s day (Amos 1:1). It is truly a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.


Make no mistake, God’s judgment will bring a radical change to everybody who survives –all and sundry, and everything on the planet.

19. The earth is utterly broken down. The earth is cleanly dissolved and split. The earth is moved and thoroughly shaken.

20. The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall tremble and be swayed like a cottage in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls—never to rise again.


Five expressions emphasize the severity of the earth quaking: The earth splits, breaks down, reels, trembles, and sways—“like a cottage or a hut in the wind,” like the temporary structure (branches and mats or poles and awnings) set up by the farmer from which to guard his field crops. (See Isaiah 1:8).


Earthquakes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes will bring judgment. Rebellion weighs so heavily on the earth that it will “never … rise again,” which shows that the judgment is on humankind and the present evil world system. It also may picture the earth spinning off its orbit and being destroyed. God will create a new heavens and earth (Isaiah 65:17; Revelation 21:1).

21. And it shall come to pass in that day that Yahweh will punish the host of the powers in the heavens above and the kings of the earth on the earth below.

22. They shall be gathered together like prisoners bound in a dungeon; they will be shut up in prison and after many days they shall be punished.


A day of Yahweh’s judgment is coming when He will punish the source of all evil – the satanic forces, “the powers in the heavens” (See Ephesians 6:11–12; Jude 6; Revelation 12:7–9; 20:1–3, 11–15). The same judgment will fall on all in high authority in the physical world, “the kings on the earth.” They will be “herded and gathered together like prisoners” and kept in a prison pit, unable to control their own destinies. “After many days,” a long time, in prison, they will be judged and punished.

23. Then the moon will be confounded and abashed, the sun ashamed; When Yahweh of hosts shall reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before his ancient ones, gloriously.


The full moon and sun will turn red “in shame” (see Matthew 24:29). Horton, almost humourously suggests that the sun and moon are ashamed because people worshipped them instead of Yahweh, who alone “will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem.” It is, of course, Christ Himself who will reign on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. In the presence of the elders of His people, that is the saints who have lived and served in their lives, for the glory of the King and his Kingdom, they shall see His face and sit down to dine.  His glory will be manifest (see Exodus 24:9–10). This anticipates the vision of God’s glory that John saw in Revelation 4:4 where the elders – the Church, sing of being redeemed from every tribe and nation. What a glorious hope true believers have!